Tibet

Ibat king Wikipedia
Lundag ka king: pamaglibut, paintunan
Ing Tibet a pang-cultura ampong pangkasalesayan (kilulan) nung nu la makapakit deng miayaliwang pamagbandi kareng teritoriu o karinan.
Light green.PNGSolid yellow.svg  Ing en:Tibet Autonomous Region kilub ning Pangmaldang Republica ning China
Red.svgSolid orange.svgSolid yellow.svg  Ing pangkasalesayan a Tibet a babandian da reng grupung Tibetan kareng aliwang bangsa
Solid lightblue.pngSolid orange.svgLight green.PNGSolid yellow.svg  Deng lugal a Tibetan agpang king Pangmaldang Republica ning China
Light green.PNG  Deng lugal a tatalnan ning China a babandian ning India antimong dake ning Aksai Chin
Solid lightblue.png  Deng lugal a tatalnan ning India a babandian ning China antimong dake ning Tibet
Solid blue.svg  Deng aliwa pang lugal a kayabe king labuad a pangculturang Tibetan king kasalesayan

Ing Tibet (Tibetan: བོད་Wylie: bod ; IPA: pʰø̀ʔ; Template:Zh-c) metung yang labuad a matas a kapatagan king Asia, king pangulu da reng kabundukang Himalayas, a tubu ranglabuad deng lahing Tibetan. Maki average yang tas a 4,900 metru 16,000 pie), ing Tibet, at uli na niti, ya ing pekamatas a labuad king Yatu. Manibat kareng mengalabasan a decada, megi reng maralas ausang "Roof of the World" (Bubungan ning Yatu).[1]

King amlat ning Tibet, megi yang magsariling bangsa aniang milabas[2], mapipitna kareng miayaliwang kayarian, at aniang misan a panaun megi neng dake ning China. Ngeni, kayabe ya king Pangmaldang Republica ning China (PRC), kabang ating malating dake, agpang king kapamahalan ning PRC, ing [[kapamahalan ning Republica ning China, ampong mapilan pang aliwang bangsa, at mapilan pang grupung ala king kapamahalan (non-government bodies) o maki kaugnayan king pamagaral (scholarly bodies), tatalnan ne ning India. King salukuyan, e ya mikasundu ing kapamahalang PRC ampo ing Government of Tibet in Exile nung kapilan ya meging dake ning China ing Tibet, at nung makatalaruan ing pamangua ning China kng Tibet agpang king leying internacional.[3] Uling ing bibilug king Tibet mapali yang pisasabian, e makanian kalagua o ka-simpli ing pakibaluan ya ing kayang dagul o populasiun, uling dakal lang grupung babandi kareng miayaliwang dake ning labuad antimong lugal a Tibetan.

Minunang mika pamisanmetung king Tibet king lalam nang Songtsän Gampo kanitang kapitung dilanua o siglu. Ing kapamahalan da reng Dalai Lama, a pamituki-tuki da reng pekapun a ispiritual, ing menibala king maragul a dake ning labuad ning Tibet dakal a pamitagun manibat aniang decadang 1640 angga king liban ne ning PRC aniang decadang 1950. King keraklan king panaun a iti, makalalam ya king Pamag-aring Qing. Metung yang sukad king upayang tatalnan da reng regent a atlu mukareng labing apat a Dalai Lama ing taganang menibala king Tibet, kabang king 77 porsientu ning panaun manibat aniang 1751 anggang 1960, deng regent ing taganang sasakup.[4]

Ing bandera ning Tibet a pepakilala ning kalabing atlung Dalai Lama kanitang 1912 at binawal ning Pangmaldang Republica ning China aniang 1959.
Ing matas a kapatagan ning Tibet

Lon la murin deti

Zhongwen.svg Ining artikulu atin yang tekstung Isik.
Nung alang ustung rendering support, malyaring manakit kang question mark, kahun o aliwa pang simbulu imbes na karakter a Isik.
Example.of.complex.text.rendering.svg Ining articulu atin yang kulit a ibat India.
Nung alang suporta king pamagpalto kaniti, maliari kang manakit question marks, kahun o aliwang sulat lipat ning kulit a Indic; o e ustung pangabili da reng vowel ampong kakulangan kareng panuglung (conjuncts).
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Ing Wikimedia Commons atin yang mediang maki kaugnayan kang/king:

Dalerayan

  1. e.g.Dieter Glogowski: Tibet, Escape from the Roof of the World
    or Peter Hoykirk: Trespassers on the Roof of the World: The Secret Exploration of Tibet
    or Tibet. Tourism Watch Alec le Sueurs:Running a Hotel on the Roof of the World - Five years in Tibet
    or Spiegel Online Tibet by Rail. By train on the roof of the world.
  2. Beckwith, Christopher I. (1987): The Tibetan Empire in Central Asia: A History of the Struggle for Great Power among Tibetans, Turks, Arabs, and Chinese during the Early Middle Ages, pp. 11-36. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-02469-3.
  3. TIBET IS RIGHTFULLY AN INDEPENDENT STATE
  4. Mullin, Glenn H. (2001). The Fourteen Dalai Lamas: A Sacred Legacy of Reincarnations, pp. 47-49. Clear Light Publishers. Santa Fe, New Mexico. ISBN 1-57416-092-3.

Karagdagang babaan

  • Allen, Charles (2004). Duel in the Snows: The True Story of the Younghusband Mission to Lhasa. London: John Murray, 2004. ISBN 0-7195-5427-6.
  • Bell, Charles (1924). Tibet: Past & Present. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Dowman, Keith (1988). The Power-Places of Central Tibet: The Pilgrim's Guide. Routledge & Kegan Paul. London, ISBN 0-7102-1370-0. New York, ISBN 0-14-019118-6.
  • Goldstein, Melvyn C.; with the help of Gelek Rimpoche. A History of Modern Tibet, 1913-1951: The Demise of the Lamaist State. Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers (1993), ISBN 81-215-0582-8. University of California (1991), ISBN 0-520-07590-0.
  • Grunfeld, Tom (1996). The Making of Modern Tibet. ISBN 1-56324-713-5.
  • Gyatso, Palden (1997). "The Autobiography of a Tibetan Monk". Grove Press. NY, NY. ISBN 0-8021-3574-9
    • Hopkirk, Peter. Trespassers on the Roof of the World: The Secret Exploration of Tibet (1983) J. P. Tarcher. ISBN 874772575
  • Human Rights in China: China, Minority Exclusion, Marginalization and Rising Tensions, London, Minority Rights Group International, 2007
  • McKay, Alex (1997). Tibet and the British Raj: The Frontier Cadre 1904-1947. London: Curzon. ISBN 0-7007-0627-5.
  • Norbu, Thubten Jigme; Turnbull, Colin (1968). Tibet: Its History, Religion and People. Reprint: Penguin Books (1987).
  • Pachen, Ani; Donnely, Adelaide (2000). Sorrow Mountain: The Journey of a Tibetan Warrior Nun. Kodansha America, Inc. ISBN 1-56836-294-3.
  • Petech, Luciano (1997). China and Tibet in the Early XVIIIth Century: History of the Establishment of Chinese Protectorate in Tibet. T'oung Pao Monographies, Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 90-04-03442-0.
  • Powers, John. History as Propaganda: Tibetan Exiles versus the People's Republic of China (2004) Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-517426-7
  • Rabgey, Tashi (2004). Sino-Tibetan Dialogue in the Post-Mao Era: Lessons and Prospects (PDF), Washington: East-West Center. ISBN 1932728228. 
  • Samuel, Geoffrey (1993). Civilized Shamans: Buddhism in Tibetan Societies. Smithsonian ISBN 1-56098-231-4.
  • Schell, Orville (2000). Virtual Tibet: Searching for Shangri-La from the Himalayas to Hollywood. Henry Holt. ISBN 0-8050-4381-0.
  • Shakya, Tsering (1999). The Dragon in the Land of Snows: A History of Modern Tibet Since 1947. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-11814-7.
  • Smith, Warren W. (1996). History of Tibet: Nationalism and Self-determination. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. ISBN 0813331552. 
  • Smith, Warren W. (2008). China's Tibet?: Autonomy or Assimilation. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. ISBN 9780742539891. 

Suglung palual

Manakit kang karagdagang impormasiun tungkul king Tibet kareng kapatad nang proyektu ning Wikipedia:
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Wikibooks-logo.svg Aklat
Wikiquote-logo.svg Quotations
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Commons-logo.svg Larawan ampong media
Wikinews-logo.svg News stories
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Apolitical
2008 Documentary
Against PRC rule and policies in Tibet
PRC sites on PRC rule and policies in Tibet

Template:Territorial disputes in East and South Asia

Language

Template:Sino-Tibetan-speaking