ΕΤΑ

Ibat king Wikipedia
Lundag ka king: pamaglibut, paintunan


Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA)
Kayabe king Basque conflict
Aktibu 31 July 1959 – tiknang na ing kayang armadung aktibidad anyang 20 Octubre 2011
Pekapun Zuba
Headquarters Balayang Vasco ampong Paris
Lugal ning
pamipalakad
Atyu keraklan king Espana, Francia, ampong aliwang bangsa king Europa.
Sikanan 200 a aktibung kayanib anyang 2011 ampong ~400 a talasuporta anyang 2010[1][2][3]
Kalaban Flag of Spain Kapamahlan ning España
Flag of France Kapamahalan ning Francia

Ing ETA (Basque: [eta], Pangayagkas a Castila: [ˈeta]), metung a acronym para king Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (Basque pronunciation: [eus̺kadi ta as̺katas̺una]; "Balayan ampong Katimawang Vasco o Basque"[Basque Homeland and Freedom]) metung a armadung separatistang agumang Vasco a makabalen o nasyonalista. Mitátag ya ing grupu anyang 1959, at manibat kanita, migbayu ya manibat king metung a grupung mágtaguyud king mana o tradisyunal a kulturang Vasco paras king grupung mala-militar a maki kapagnasan a manikwang katimawan para king Labwad a Vasco o Basque Country (Pais Vasco king Castila).[4][5] Ing ETA ing pekamayulagang aguman ning Pangimut a Pangkatimawang Makabalen a Vasco (Basque National Liberation Movement) at ya ing pekamaulagang kayabe king kagulwan a Vasco (Basque conflict). Mibulalag yang pamituknang akbung (ceasefire) ing ETA anyang 1989, 1996, 1998 ampong 2006, oneng lebagan na la. Nanupata, mibulalag yang bayung pamituknang akbung ing ETA anyang 5 Setiembre 2010 [6] at mimiral ya pa murin – bukud kaniti, anyang 20 Octubre 2011, pepawaga ne ning ETA ing "ganap a pamituknang ning kayang aktibidad a armadu" (definitive cessation of its armed activity).[7]

Ing kasebyan na o motto ning ETA, Bietan jarrai ("Makiyagnan ka kareng adwa") ya, at iti makapatungkul ya kareng adwang pigura a atyu king kayang sagisag, metung a ubingan (a mangabaldugang politika) a makakalikat king palakul (a mangabaldugang armadung pamakipagkal [armed struggle]).[8][9][10]

Manibat anyang 1968, mekapate neng 829 katau ing ETA, mekapanasakit neng libu-libu, at mekasamsam ne o mekakidnap pilang dosena.[11][12][13][14] Babawal de deng autoridad ning Espania ampong Francia ing grupu antimong aguman a terorista [15], ampo ing kabilugan ning European Union,[16] ampo ing Estados Unidos.[17] Iting pamangamit tutukyan de reng maragul diling bilang da reng mediang pangkilub ampong panglwal, a ing aus da murin king grupu, "terorista".[18][19][20][21] Maygit lang pitung dalan (700) kareng kayanib ning aguman deng makakulung king Espania, Francia, at aliwang bangsa.[22]

Lon ya murin

Dalerayan

Pangkabilugan (General)
Makabukud (Specific)
  1. "Los últimos 202 de la lista de ETA". Retrieved on 12 April 2011. 
  2. EE UU confirma que Nicaragua y Cuba también acogen a etarras. larazon.es (6 Agosto 2010). Retrieved on 1 Noviembre 2010.1
  3. Cien terroristas de ETA esperan órdenes en Francia para atentar en España. intereconomia.com (8 August 2010). Retrieved on 1 Noviembre 2010.
  4. (Spanish) Goiz Argi. Goiz Argi. Retrieved on 30 January 2011.
  5. (Spanish) Goiz Argi. Goiz Argi (27 January 2002). Retrieved on 30 January 2011.
  6. Basque separatist group Eta 'declares ceasefire'. BBC News (5 September 2010). Retrieved on 5 September 2010.
  7. "Basque group Eta says armed campaign is over", BBC News (20 October 2011). Retrieved on 20 October 2011. 
  8. Quiosco | El Mundo en ORBYT. Elmundo.es. Retrieved on 30 January 2011.
  9. ETA, una serpiente vacilante. elmundo.es. Retrieved on 30 January 2011.
  10. De patrulla por Vitoria. elmundo.es (24 March 2006). Retrieved on 30 January 2011.
  11. Lista de víctimas mortales (Spanish). Ministerio del Interior. Retrieved on 19 September 2010.
  12. Datos significativos del conflicto vasco, 1968–2003 (Spanish). Eusko News (2003). Retrieved on 19 January 2011.
  13. ETA has killed 829 people as of 19 January 2011, Spanish Ministerio del Interior
  14. Peace at Last? | People & Places|Smithsonian Magazine. Smithsonianmag.com. Retrieved on 30 January 2011.
  15. (Frances) French list of terrorist organizations, in the annex of Chapter XIV
  16. EU list of terrorist organizationsPDF (43.6 KB) 29 May 2006
  17. Foreign Terrorist Organizations (FTOs). Web.archive.org (9 July 2008). Retrieved on 30 January 2011.
  18. "Eta gives terrorists disguise manual", The Independent (15 December 2007). Retrieved on 27 March 2010. 
  19. Owen, Edward (7 August 2007). "Eta terrorists demand protection money", The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved on 27 March 2010. 
  20. Spain's rail ambitions: Ave Madrid. The Economist (5 February 2009). Retrieved on 30 January 2011.
  21. Spanien: Mutmaßliche Eta-Terroristen gefasst – SPIEGEL ONLINE – Nachrichten – Politik. Spiegel.de (2 July 2007). Retrieved on 30 January 2011.
  22. (Spanish) La cifra de presos de ETA es la más alta de la última década con 728 encarcelados El Confidencial, 7 January 2008

Suglung palwal

Commons-logo.svg
Ing Wikimedia Commons atin yang mediang maki kaugnayan kang/king:

Template:Basque Conflict