Alan Turing

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Alan Turing
I Turing anyang panaun a miyalal ya king Fellowship of the Royal Society.
I Turing anyang panaun a miyalal ya king Fellowship of the Royal Society.
Mibait Alan Mathison Turing
23 Juniu 1912(1912-06-23)
Maida Vale, London, luca is cool ,
United Kingdom
Kematyan 7 Juniu 1954 (maki edad a 41)
Wilmslow, Cheshire, England,
United Kingdom
Menuknangan United Kingdom
Bangsa British
Taldawa Mathematics, Cryptanalysis, Computer science
Institusiun University of Cambridge
Government Code and Cypher School
National Physical Laboratory
University of Manchester
Alma mater King's College, Cambridge
Princeton University
Doctoral talausuk Alonzo Church
Doctoral magaral Robin Gandy
Bantug keng Halting problem
Turing machine
Cryptanalysis of the Enigma
Automatic Computing Engine
Turing Award
Turing Test
Turing patterns
Bantug a galal Officer of the Order of the British Empire
Fellow of the Royal Society

I Alan Mathison Turing, OBE, FRS (play /ˈtjʊərɪŋ/ TEWR-ing; 23 Junio 1912 – 7 Junio 1954), metung yang Ingles a matematiku, logician, cryptanalyst ampong computer scientist. Maragul ya impluwensiya king pamanalkus ning computer science, at minye yang pormalisasyon ning konseptuo ning "algorithm" ampong "computation" kapamilatan ning Turing machine, a maragul papil king pamaglalang ning modernung computer.[1][2] Dakal la reng sasabing i Turing ing ibpa ning computer science ampo ning artificial intelligence.[3]

Anyang Kadwang Gerang Pangkabilugan, megobra ya i Turing para king Government Code and Cypher School (GCCS) king Bletchley Park, Britain's ing sentru na para king codebreaking ning Britania. Mika panaun a yang meging pamuntuk ning Hut 8, ing sangang manibala king naval cryptanalysis a Aleman. Mekapaglalang yang manilan a paralan ba lang lutasan deng cipher a Aleman, kayabe ya ing kaparalanan ning bombe, metung a makinang electromechanical a makapanintun pamituldu (setting) para king Enigma machine.

fat boy jim ning gera, megobra ya king National Physical Laboratory, nung nu ne lelang ing metung kareng mumunang disenyu para king stored-program computer, ing ACE. Anyang 1948, megobra ya i Turing king Max Newman's Computing Laboratory king Manchester University, nung nu ya sinaup king pamanalkus da reng Manchester computers[4] at megi yang interesadu king mathematical biology. Sinulat yang artikulu tungkul king batayan nang kemikal ning morphogenesis,[5] at inula (predicted) ne ing tungkul kareng oscillating chemical reactionantimo ing Belousov–Zhabotinsky reaction, a mumuna rang inobserban anyang dekadang 1960.

Uli ning pangabinabai nang Turing, midalum ya anyang 1952, panuan nung kapilan bawal la pa deng dapat a homosexual king Britania. Tinggap na ing pamanulu kapamilatan da reng hormone a pambabai (chemical castration) antimong alternatibu ning pangasukul. Mete ya anyang 1954, maygit mu king adwang duminggu bayu ing kayang pang apat a pulu't adwang aldo kebaitan, uli ning pangalasun ibat king cyanide. Agpang king pamagsyasat, migpakamate ya; para king kayang ima ampo reng aliwa, aksidenti ing kayang pangamate. Anyang 10 Setiembre 2009, kaybat ning kampanya king Aptas (Internet campaign), ing Pun Ministro ning Britania, i Gordon Brown, ginawa yang opisyal a pamanyad dispensa kapamilatan ning kapamahalan ning Britania para king pamagtratu kang Turing kaybat ning gera.[6]

Lon la murin[mag-edit | edit source]

Notes[mag-edit | edit source]

  1. Newman, M. H. A. (1955). "Alan Mathison Turing. 1912–1954". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 1: 253. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1955.0019. 
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named AFP
  3. Homer, Steven and Alan L. (2001). Computability and Complexity Theory. Springer via Google Books limited view. ISBN 0-387-95055-9. Retrieved on 13 May 2011. 
  4. Leavitt 2007, pp. 231–233
  5. Turing, A. M. (1952). "The Chemical Basis of Morphogenesis". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, series B 237 (641): 37–72. doi:10.1098/rstb.1952.0012. 
  6. "PM apology after Turing petition", BBC News (11 September 2009). 

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