Amánung Koptu

Ibat king Wikipedia
Ⲙⲉⲧⲣⲉⲙ̀ⲛⲭⲏⲙⲓ Met.Remenkīmi
Magagamit king: Egypt, Canada, Australia, United States
Total speakers: Mete ya aniang ka-17 a dilanua[1], ating mapilan a magsalitang gagamit king amanung binalik dang pasibayu[2][3][4][5]
Language family: Afro-Asiatic
Writing system: Coptic alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2: cop
ISO 639-3: cop

Template:Infobox Language/Coptic

Ing Coptic o Coptic Egyptian[6] (Ⲙⲉⲧⲣⲉⲙ̀ⲛⲭⲏⲙⲓ Met.Remenkīmi) ing tauli nang dangka o stage ning Amanu ning Ehiptu Ehiptu, metung a amanung pangulung Afro-Asiatic a magagamit king Ehiptu angga aniang kalabimpitung dilanua o siglu. Migumpisa yang ginamit alpabetung Griegu ing Egyptian aniang mumunang dilanua;. Ing sulat a Coptic, metung a alpabetung ibat king Griegu at miyalilan bagia ba lang miragdag deng letrang mangabaldugang katning ala king Griegu. Pilan la reng makikilalang dialektung Coptic, at ing Sahidic ampong Bohairic ing pikabaluan dili.

Uling dake na la ning kapanaunan ning bie ning Egyptian deng Coptic ampong Demotic, pareu lang malapit king Late Egyptian deti, a misusulat king sulat a hieroglyphic, dapot aliwa ing pamaniulat kareti.

Melabung ya ing Coptic antimong amanu ning malagung paniulat o literatura manibat aniang kadua anggang kalabing atlung dilaua, at angga ngeni, amanu yang magagamit king pisamban ing dialectung Bohairic king Iglesia nang Coptic ning Alexandria. Elilan ne ning Arabu ning Ehiptu aniang umpisa ning kapanaunan a modernu, dapot panigobran da ing pasibayung pamangambul na niti manibat aniang kalabingsiam a dilanua. Ating sasabing e ya man mete o mewala iti.[2][7][8][5]


  1. Ethnologue, 15th edition
  2. 2.0 2.1 Exclusive: An Interview with the Only Egyptian Family that Still Speaks the Coptic Language inside Egypt. Coptic Assembly of America.[e ayasahan a pikwánan?] The number of people who speak Coptic reaches around 300, and no one is still in Egypt except the family of Titti Mouris Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Coptic Assembly" defined multiple times with different content
  3. ([suglung a mepatad][e ayasahan a pikwánan?]Scholar search)نفرتيتى تتحدث (published 2008-10),عائلة-مصرية-جدا 
  4. ...إنهم يتحدثون القبطية. Canadian Coptic Association.[e ayasahan a pikwánan?]
  5. 5.0 5.1 إنهم يتحدثون القبطية. Theban Legion.[e ayasahan a pikwánan?]
  6. Reintges, Chris H. (2004). Coptic Egyptian (Sahidic Dialect). Cologne: Rüdiger Köppe. ISBN 978-3-89645-570-3. 
  7. ([suglung a mepatad][e ayasahan a pikwánan?]Scholar search)نفرتيتى تتحدث (published 2008-10),عائلة-مصرية-جدا 
  8. ...إنهم يتحدثون القبطية. Canadian Coptic Association.


Pangkabilugan a pamagaral

  • Emmel, Stephen. 1992. "Languages (Coptic)". In The Anchor Bible Dictionary, edited by David Noel Freedman. Vol. 4 of 6 vols. New York: Doubleday. 180–188.
  • Gessman, A. M. (1976). "The Birth of the Coptic Script". University of South Florida Language Quarterly 14 2-3. 
  • Gignac, Francis Thomas. 1991. "Old Coptic". In The Coptic Encyclopedia, edited by Aziz Suryal Atiya. Vol. 8 of 8 vols. New York and Toronto: Macmillian Publishing Company and Collier Macmillian Canada. 169—188.
  • Kasser, Radolphe. 1991. "Dialects". In The Coptic Encyclopedia, edited by Aziz Suryal Atiya. Vol. 8 of 8 vols. New York and Toronto: Macmillian Publishing Company and Collier Macmillian Canada. 87—96.
  • Loprieno, Antonio. 1995. Ancient Egyptian: A Linguistic Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Polotsky, Hans Jakob. 1971. "Coptic". In Afroasiatic: A Survey, edited by Carleton Taylor Hodge. (Jana Linguarum: Series Practica; 163). 's Gravenhage and Paris: Mouton. 67–79.


  • Chaîne, Marius. 1933. Éléments de grammaire dialectale copte: bohairique, sahidique, achmimique, fayoumique. Paris: Paul Geuthner.
  • Eberle, Andrea, & Regine Schulz. 2004. Koptisch - Ein Leitfaden durch das Saïdische. LINCOM Languages of the World/Materials 07. Munich: LINCOM Europa.
  • Lambdin, Thomas Oden. 1983. Introduction to Sahidic Coptic. Macon: Mercer University Press.
  • Layton, Bentley. 2000. A Coptic Grammar (Sahidic Dialect): With a Chrestomathy and Glossary. (Porta linguarum orientalium; N.S., 20). Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.
  • Mallon, Alexis. 1956. Grammaire copte: bibliographie, chrestomathie et vocabulaire. 4th edition. Beyrouth.
  • Mattar, Nabil. 1990. A Study in Bohairic Coptic. Pasadena: Hope Publishing House.
  • Polotsky, Hans Jakob. 1987. Grundlagen des koptischen Satzbaus. American Studies in Papyrology 28. Decatur, Ga.: Scholars Press.
  • Plumley, J. Martin. 1948. An Introductory Coptic Grammar (Sahidic Dialect). London: Home & van Thal.
  • Shisha-Halevy, Ariel. 1988. Coptic Grammatical Chrestomathy: a course for academic and private study. Orientalia lovaniensia analecta 30. Leuven: Peeters.
  • Shisha-Halevy, Ariel. 1986. Coptic Grammatical Categories: Structural Studies in the Syntax of Shenoutean Sahidic. Analecta Orientalia 53. Roma: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum. ISBN 88-7653-255-2.
  • Shisha-Halevy, Ariel. 2007. Topics in Coptic Syntax: Structural Studies in the Bohairic Dialect. Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 160. Leuven - Paris - Dudley, MA: Peeters. ISBN 978-90-429-1875-7.
  • Till, Walter C. 1994. Koptische Dialektgrammatik. Berlin: Walter De Gruyter.
  • Vergote, Jozef. 1973–1983. Grammaire copte. Leuven: Peeters.
  • Younan, Sameh. 2005. So, you want to learn Coptic? A guide to Bohairic Grammar. Sydney: St.Mary, St.Bakhomious and St.Shenouda Coptic Orthodox Church.


  • Černý, Jaroslav. 1976. Coptic Etymological Dictionary. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Crum, Walter Ewing. 1939. A Coptic Dictionary. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Vycichl, Werner. 1983. Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue copte. Leuven: Éditions Peeters.
  • Westendorf, Wolfhart. 1965/1977. Koptisches Handwörterbuch. Heidelberg: Carl Winter.


  • Depuydt, Leo. 1993. "On Coptic Sounds." Orientalia 62 (new series): 338–375.
  • Loprieno, Antonio. 1997. "Egyptian and Coptic Phonology". In Phonologies of Asia and Africa (Including the Caucasus), edited by Alan S. Kaye. Vol. 1 of 2 vols. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns. 431–460.
  • Peust, Carsten. 1999. Egyptian Phonology: An Introduction to the Phonology of a Dead Language. (Monographien zur ägyptischen Sprache; 2). Göttingen: Peust & Gutschmidt.


  • Kammerer, Winifred (compiler), A Coptic Bibliography, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1950. (Reprint New York: Kraus Reprint Co., 1969)

See also

Suglung palual