Christopher Columbus

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Ing articulung iti tungkul ya keng the explorer. Para the American filmmaker, lawen ye ing Chris Columbus (filmmaker).
Christopher Columbus and i kile cats
Ridolfo del Ghirlandaio - Ritratto di Cristoforo Colombo (1520).jpg
Larawan nang Christopher Columbus; gewa neng Ridolfo Ghirlandaio aniang mete ne i Columbus.
MibaitAugust 25-October 31, 1451
KematianMayu 20 1506
outside Valladolid, Spain
BangsaGenovese
Aliwang lagiuCristoforo Colombo
Cristóbal Colón
PamansagAdmiral of the Ocean Sea;
Viceroy and Governor of the Indies
KapanualanRoman Catholic
AsawaFilipa Moniz (c. 1476-1485)
anakDiego
Fernando
KamaganakBartolomeo (brother)
Diego (brother)

I Christopher Columbus (pilatan ning August 25 ampong October 31, 1451May 20, 1506), Cristóbal Colón king Castila, at Cristoforo Colombo king orihinal a Italianu, metung yang talapaglayag, kolonialista, ampong talapaglakbe. Uli ning kayang pamaglakbe king Atlantic Ocean, akilala de reng keraklan king Europa ing Albugang Kapitnang-Yatu (Western Hemisphere) ampo reng kontinenting America. Lipat ning aliwa ya ing mumunang miras karing Americas manibat king Afro-Eurasia — aunahan neng manga limang dalang banuang Leif Ericson, at mapaliaring deng aliwa — inumpisan nang Columbus ing maleparan a pamiugnayan da reng Europeo ampo reng tubu kareng Americas. Inumpisan na king kayang e matagumpeng pamagtangkang mitátag tuknangan o balayán (settlement) king isla ning Hispaniola ing prosesu ning pamaniakup da reng Castila king "Bayung Yatu" (New World). (Gagamitan de ing katayang "pre-Columbian" ba rong tulduan deng kultura ampong lahi kareng Americas bayu ing paniatang da ri Columbus ampo reng Europeong minalili kaya.)

Notes[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

Dalerayan[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

  • Cohen, J.M. (1969) The Four Voyages of Christopher Columbus: Being His Own Log-Book, Letters and Dispatches with Connecting Narrative Drawn from the Life of the Admiral by His Son Hernando Colon and Others. London UK: Penguin Classics.
  • Cook, Sherburn and Woodrow Borah (1971) Essays in Population History, Volume I. Berkeley CA: University of California Press
  • Crosby, A. W. (1987) The Columbian Voyages: the Columbian Exchange, and their Historians. Washington, DC: American Historical Association.
  • Friedman, Thomas (2005) The World Is Flat: A Brief History of the Twenty-first Century. New York: Farrar Straus Giroux.
  • Hart, Michael H. (1992) The 100. Seacaucus NJ: Carol Publishing Group.
  • Keen, Benjamin (1978) The Life of the Admiral Christopher Columbus by his Son Ferdinand, Westport CT: Greenwood Press.
  • Lowen, James. "Lies My Teacher Told Me".
  • Nelson, Diane M. (1999) A Finger in the Wound: Body Politics in Quincentennial Guatemala. Berkeley CA: University of California Press.
  • Morison, Samuel Eliot, Admiral of the Ocean Sea: A Life of Christopher Columbus, Boston, Little, Brown and Company, 1942.
  • Morison, Samuel Eliot, Christopher Columbus, Mariner, Boston, Little, Brown and Company, 1955.
  • Phillips, W. D. and C. R. Phillips (1992) The Worlds of Christopher Columbus. Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Turner, Jack (2004) Spice: The History of a Temptation. New York: Random House.
  • Wilford, John Noble (1991) The Mysterious History of Columbus: An Exploration of the Man, the Myth, the Legacy. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
  • Rosa, Manuel DaSilva (2006) O Mistério Colombo Revelado. Lisbon: Ésquilo.
  • Fuson, Robert H. (1992) The Log of Christopher Columbus. Camden, Maine: International Marine Publishing

Lon la murin deti[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

Suglung palual[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

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