Dalandan

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Dalandan
Orange blossoms and oranges on tree
Orange blossoms and oranges on tree
Scientific classification
Kaarian: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Pinduan: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Orden: Sapindales
Familia: Rutaceae
Genus: Citrus
Species: C. sinensis

Ing Dalandan, keng English amanu Orange—mismung, sweet orange—dalerayaya keng citrus a pun tanaman Citrus sinensis (syn. Citrus aurantium L. var. dulcis L., o Citrus aurantium Risso) at ing kayang bungang tanaman. Ing dalandan metung yang hybrid ning minunang panaun a mesarul, mapalyaring ding pomelo (Citrus maxima) attangerine (Citrus reticulata). Metung yang malating mamulaklak a pun tanaman daragul mga 10 m a katas a atin emalalagas a bulung, nung nu makaareglu liwasliwas, a ovate a aske a atin crenulate margins at 4-10 cm kaba. Ing dalandan a bungang tanaman metung yang bungang tanaman ning hesperidium, a klasi ning berry.

Ing katayang "orange" ibat ya keng Sanskrit narang o kaya Tamil "naraththai". Deng dalandan ibat la king maulingalbugan ning Asia, king India, o kaya Vietnam o mauling Tsina. Ing bungang tanaman a Citrus sinensis mayayaus yang mayumung dalandan para ikawani ya keng Citrus aurantium, ing mapait a dalandan. Karing aliwang amanu, bantug ya bilang "Isik a manzanas" (e.g. Dutch Sinaasappel (Isik a manzanas)).


Production[mag-edit | edit source]

Orange, raw, Florida
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.527 oz)
Energy 50 kcal   190 kJ
Carbohydrates     11.54 g
- Sugars  9.14 g
- Dietary fiber  2.4 g  
Fat 0.21 g
Protein 0.70 g
Thiamin (Vit. B1)  0.100 mg   8%
Riboflavin (Vit. B2)  0.040 mg   3%
Niacin (Vit. B3)  0.400 mg   3%
Pantothenic acid (B5)  0.250 mg  5%
Vitamin B6  0.051 mg 4%
Folate (Vit. B9)  17 μg  4%
Vitamin C  45 mg 75%
Calcium  43 mg 4%
Iron  0.09 mg 1%
Magnesium  10 mg 3% 
Phosphorus  12 mg 2%
Potassium  169 mg   4%
Zinc  0.08 mg 1%
Percentages are relative to US
recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient database

According to FAOSTAT, the top producers of oranges (in tonnes) in 2005 were:

1. Brazil 17,804,600
2. USA 8,393,276
3. Mexico 4,112,711
4. India 3,100,000
5. Tsina 2,412,000
6. Espanya 2,294,600
7. Italy 2,201,025
8. Iran 1,900,000
9. Egypt 1,789,000
10. Pakistan 1,579,900
Oranges and orange juice.

Gallery[mag-edit | edit source]

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