Denas bale

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Denas bale
Tree Sparrow August 2007 Osaka Japan.jpg
Kabilian a pang-konserbasiun
Scientific classification
Kaarian: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Pinduan: Aves
Orden: Passeriformes
Familia: Passeridae
Genus: Passer
Species: montanus

Ing Dénas bale (Passer montanus), o Eurasian tree sparrow king Inglis, metung yang ayup a passerine (Orden Passeriformes) king familiang denas. Maki kúlé yang castaño ing babo ning buntuk na, ampóng tundun, at matuling ya ing dáké king bálang pisní nang maputî. Paréu la kúlé bulbul deng lálaki ampong bábaing áyup, at deng malutub, mas maputlá la kúlé késá karéng mas matwang áyup. Mayayákit ya ing dénas bale king Mauli Aslagang Asia ampo king dákeng nang kasantingan clima ning Eurasia. Míkálat ya ing dénas balé karéng áliwang lugal anti king Estados Unidos, nung nu ya mayayáus Eurasian tree sparrow o German sparrow bá yang ibukud king American tree sparrow a katutúbú karin.

Magulú ya sále ing dénas bale, at iti mayayákit ya king busbus a natural o katutúbû, king busbus da réng makatikdó (building), o king sáleng é ra na gagamítan déng áliwang áyup. Kéraklan, ánam ya ébun, at miyayapsá la kilub ning aduang duminggu. Kéraklan, bútul ing kakaná’na ning dénas balé, ónéng mámangan yá mú namang invertebrate, lakuas na neng panaun a mágláhi ya o mámalípî. Anti karéng áliwang áyup, dakál la réng mababáwas karéng dénas balé uling karéng sakit ó parasíticu, o úling mapapangan la réti karéng áyup a mányamsam o mágbaláwe (birds of prey). Kéraklan, miraras lang adwang banwang mabibyé déng dénas balé.

Dalerayan[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

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Works cited[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

  • Anderson, Ted R. (2006). Biology of the Ubiquitous House Sparrow: From Genes to Populations. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-530411-4. 
  • Arlott, Norman (2007). Birds of the Palearctic: Passerines. London: Collins. ISBN 978-0-00-714705-2. 
  • Brisson, Mathurin Jacques (1760). Ornithologie ou méthode contenant la division des oiseaux en ordres, sections, genres, especes & leurs variétés. A laquelle on a joint une description exacte de chaque espece, avec les citations des auteurs qui en ont traité, les noms qu'ils leur ont donnés, ceux que leur ont donnés les différentes nations, & les noms vulgaires. Ouvrage enrichi de figures en taille-douce (in French). Paris: Bauche. 
  • (1995) Sparrows and Buntings: a Guide to the Sparrows and Buntings of North America and the World. Pica Press. ISBN 978-1-873403-19-8. 
  • (1993) Finches and Sparrows: an Identification Guide. Christopher Helm. ISBN 978-0-7136-8017-1. 
  • (2005) Birds Britannica. London: Chatto & Windus. ISBN 978-0-7011-6907-7. 
  • (1930) The Birds of the British Isles and Their Eggs, 3rd, Frederick Warne. ISBN 978-0-7232-0999-7. 
  • Forbush, Edward Howe (1907). Useful Birds and Their Protection. Boston: Massachusetts State Board of Agriculture. 
  • (2000) A Guide to the Birds of the Philippines. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-854668-9. 
  • Linnaeus, Carolus (1758). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata (in Latin). Holmia: Laurentius Salvius. 
  • (1999) Collins Bird Guide. London: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-00-219728-1. 
  • (1991) Nestling mortality of granivorous birds due to microorganisms and toxic substances. Varsovia: Polish Scientific Publishers. ISBN 978-83-01-10476-4. 
  • (1990) Granivorous birds in the agricultural landscape. Lomianki: Polish Academy of Sciences. ISBN 978-83-01-08460-8. 
  • (2005) Birds of South Asia: The Ripley Guide. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press and Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-84-87334-67-2. 
  • (1927–1939) Birds of the Malay Peninsula. London: H. F. & G. Witherby. 
  • (1998) The Birds of the Western Palearctic, concise, New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-854099-1. 
  • Summers-Smith, J. Denis (1988). The Sparrows, illustrated by Robert Gillmor, Calton, Staffs, England: T. & A. D. Poyser. ISBN 978-0-85661-048-6.