Dunhuang

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Dunhuang
敦煌
—  County-level city  —
敦煌市
Ing palengki ning Dunhuang
Ing palengki ning Dunhuang
Ing Lakanbalen ning Dunhuang (malutu) king Lakanbalen ning Jiuquan (dilo) ampong Gansu
Ing Lakanbalen ning Dunhuang (malutu) king Lakanbalen ning Jiuquan (dilo) ampong Gansu
Dunhuang is located in Qinghai
Dunhuang
Lokasyun kumpara king Qinghai
Coordinates: 40°09′N 94°40′E
Bangsa Maldang Republika ning Tsina
China Gansu
Lakanbalen a kadaneng prefecture Jiuquan
Katas/kabilian 3,747 ft (1,142 m)
Populasiun (2000)
 - Kabilugan 187,578
 - Populasiun Pangasiksik Expression error: Unexpected < operator./sq mi (Expression error: Unexpected round operator./km2)
Time zone CST (UTC+8)

Ing Dunhuang  (Chinese: 敦煌; pinyin: Dūnhuáng, a ausan da muring simplified Chinese: 炖煌; traditional Chinese: 燉煌; pinyin: Dūnhuáng anyang minunang panaun, mangabaldugan yang 'Milalablab a Sulu' o 'Blazing Beacon') metung yang lakanbalen a kadaneng kondadu (county-level city) (pop. 187,578 (2000)) king pangulu albugan a dake ning lalawigan ning Gansu, albugang Maldang Republika ning Tsina. Metung yang manimunang tutuknangan king Silk Road kanitang minuna. Balu de murin king lagyung Shāzhōu (沙州) o 'Lakanbalen ning Balas' o 'City of Sands',[1] "o Dukhan anti ing aus da reng Turkis."[2] Pikabalwan yang dili uling kareng Lukib a Dunhuang Caves (Dunhuang Caves) a malapit keti.


Footnotes[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

  1. Cable and French (1943), p. 41.
  2. Skrine (1926), p. 117.

Dalerayan[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

  • Baumer, Christoph. 2000. Southern Silk Road: In the Footsteps of Sir Aurel Stein and Sven Hedin. White Orchid Books. Bangkok.
  • Beal, Samuel. 1884. Si-Yu-Ki: Buddhist Records of the Western World, by Hiuen Tsiang. 2 vols. Trans. by Samuel Beal. London. Reprint: Delhi. Oriental Books Reprint Corporation. 1969.
  • Beal, Samuel. 1911. The Life of Hiuen-Tsiang by the Shaman Hwui Li, with an Introduction containing an account of the Works of I-Tsing. Trans. by Samuel Beal. London. 1911. Reprint: Munshiram Manoharlal, New Delhi. 1973.
  • Bonavia, Judy (2004): The Silk Road From Xi'an to Kashgar. Judy Bonavia – revised by Christoph Baumer. 2004. Odyssey Publications.
  • Cable, Mildred and Francesca French (1943): The Gobi Desert. London. Landsborough Publications.
  • Hill, John E. 2003. "Annotated Translation of the Chapter on the Western Regions according to the Hou Hanshu." 2nd Draft Edition.[1]
  • Hill, John E. 2004. The Peoples of the West from the Weilue 魏略 by Yu Huan 魚豢: A Third Century Chinese Account Composed between 239 and 265 CE. Draft annotated English translation. [2]
  • Hill, John E. (2009). Through the Jade Gate to Rome: A Study of the Silk Routes during the Later Han Dynasty, 1st to 2nd Centuries CE. BookSurge, Charleston, South Carolina. ISBN 978-1-4392-2134-1.
  • Hulsewé, A. F. P. and Loewe, M. A. N. 1979. China in Central Asia: The Early Stage 125 BC – AD 23: an annotated translation of chapters 61 and 96 of the History of the Former Han Dynasty. E. J. Brill, Leiden.
  • Legge, James. Trans. and ed. 1886. A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms: being an account by the Chinese monk Fâ-hsien of his travels in India and Ceylon (AD 399-414) in search of the Buddhist Books of Discipline. Reprint: Dover Publications, New York. 1965.
  • Lovell, Julia (2006). The Great Wall : China against the World. 1000 BC — AD 2000. Atlantic Books, London. ISBN 978-1-84354-215-5.
  • Skrine, C. P. (1926). Chinese Central Asia. Methuen, London. Reprint: Barnes & Noble, New York. 1971. ISBN 416-60750-0.
  • Stein, Aurel M. 1907. Ancient Khotan: Detailed report of archaeological explorations in Chinese Turkestan, 2 vols. Clarendon Press. Oxford. [3]
  • Stein, Aurel M. 1921. Serindia: Detailed report of explorations in Central Asia and westernmost China, 5 vols. London & Oxford. Clarendon Press. Reprint: Delhi. Motilal Banarsidass. 1980. [4]
  • Watson, Burton (1993). Records of the Grand Historian of China. Han Dynasty II. (Revised Edition). New York, Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-08167-7
  • Watters, Thomas (1904–1905). On Yuan Chwang's Travels in India. London. Royal Asiatic Society. Reprint: 1973.


Suglung palwal[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

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