George Armstrong Custer

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George Armstrong Custer
Mibait Disiembri 5 1839(1839-12-05)
New Rumley, Ohio
Mete Juniu 25 1876 (maki edad a 36)
Little Bighorn, Montana
Lugal ning libingan mumuna yang milibing king lugal ning laban
kaibat, miyalis ya king West Point Cemetery
Tatalan king katapatan Estados Unidos
Union
Sanga Ukbu ning Estados Unidos
Ukbung Union
Banwa king serbisyu 1861–76
Ranggu Union Army major general rank insignia.svg Brevet Major General of Volunteers
Union army lt col rank insignia.jpg Lieutenant Colonel (Regular Army)
Commands held Michigan Brigade
3rd Cavalry Division
2nd Cavalry Division
7th U.S. Cavalry
Battles/wars American Civil War

Indian Wars

I George Armstrong Custer (Diciembre 5, 1839 – Junio 25, 1876) metung yang manungkulan militar (officer) Ukbu ning Estados Unidos (United States Army) ampong komander a cavalry king Gerang Sibil a Americanu (American Civil War) ampo reng Gerang Indian. Meragul ya king Michigan ampong Ohio, i Custer, a mekalub king West Point anyang 1858, nung nu tauli ya king kayang klasi anyang miyari ya. Nanupata, anyang mikalabkab ing Gerang Sibil, kailangan la reng malyaring maging manungkulan o opisyal, at mituldu yang magsilbi king Ukbung Union.

Masanting ing meging reputasyun nang Custer king Gerang Sibil. Linaban ya king mumunang manimunang laban, ing Mumunang laban ning Bull Run. Misulung ya ing kayang karera uling king kayang pamiyabe kareng mangatas a manungkulan, pati na ing kayang tagumpe antimong taganang matalab o epektibung komander o talapanibala da reng makakabayu (highly effective cavalry commander). Bandang tauli, mitas ya ranggu king pansamantalang ranggung (brevet) of major general i Custer. (Kayari ning gera, mibalik ya king kayang permanenting ranggu ning kapitan.) Kaybat ning Appomattox Campaign, nung nu maragul ampong maulaga king kelualan ning laban i Custer ampo reng kayang sundalus, atsu i Custer bang tanggap king pamanyuku nang Heneral Robert E. Lee.

Kaybat ning Gerang Sibil, miparla ya i Custer king albugan bang lumaban king Gerang Indian. Mengatakpan la king mituran kalamidad a tawling nang laban deng kayang meging tagumpe. Mete ya i Custer ampo reng eganagana nang tauan king Laban ning Little Bighorn (Battle of the Little Bighorn) anyang 1876, king metung a laban king aliansa da reng tribung natibung Americanu a sinikat lagyu king amlat a Americanu antimong "Custer's Last Stand".

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Bibliography[mag-edit | edit source]

  • Ambrose, Stephen E. (1996 [1975]). Crazy Horse and Custer: The Parallel Lives of Two American Warriors. New York: Anchor Books. ISBN 0-385-47966-2.
  • Barnett, Louise Touched by Fire: The Life, Death, and Mythic Afterlife of George Armstrong Custer (1996) New York, Henry Holt and Company, Inc.
  • Boulard, Garry "The Swing Around the Circle – Andrew Johnson and the Train Ride that Destroyed a Presidency" (2006) isbn=978-1-4401-0239-4
  • Connell, Evan S. (1984). Son Of The Morning Star. San Francisco, California: North Point Press. ISBN 0-86547-160-6. 
  • Eicher, John H. and David J. Eicher. (2001). Civil War High Commands. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3. 
  • Goodrich, Thomas. Scalp Dance: Indian Warfare on the High Plains, 1865–1879. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1997.
  • Gray, John S. (1993). Custer's Last Campaign: Mitch Boyer and the Little Bighorn Remembered. University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0-8032-7040-2. 
  • Grinnell, George Bird (1915). The Fighting Cheyennes. The University of Oklahoma Press reprint 1956, 296–307. ISBN 0-7394-0373-7. 
  • Longacre, Edward G. (2000). Lincoln's Cavalrymen: A History of the Mounted Forces of the Army of the Potomac. Stackpole Books. ISBN 0-8117-1049-1.
  • Mails, Thomas E. Mystic Warriors of the Plains. New York: Marlowe & Co., 1996.
  • Marshall, Joseph M. III. (2007). The Day the World Ended at Little Bighorn: A Lakota History. New York: Viking Press.
  • Merington, Marguerite, Ed. The Custer Story: The Life and Intimate Letters of General Custer and his Wife Elizabeth. (1950)
  • Michno, Gregory F. (1997). Lakota Noon: The Indian Narrative of Custer's Defeat. Mountain Press Publishing Company. ISBN 0-87842-349-4.
  • Perrett, Bryan. Last Stand: Famous Battles Against the Odds. London: Arms & Armour, 1993.
  • Scott, Douglas D., Richard A. Fox, Melissa A. Connor, and Dick Harmon. (1989). Archaeological Perspectives on the Battle of the Little Bighorn. University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-3292-2. 
  • Punke, Michael, "Last Stand: George Bird Grinnell, the Battle to Save the Buffalo, and the Birth of the New West", Smithsonian Books, 2007, ISBN 978-0-06-089782-6
  • Tagg, Larry. (1988). The Generals of Gettysburg. Savas Publishing. ISBN 1-882810-30-9.
  • Urwin, Gregory J. W., Custer Victorious, University of Nebraska Press, 1990, ISBN 978-0-8032-9556-8.
  • Utley, Robert M. (2001). Cavalier in Buckskin: George Armstrong Custer and the Western Military Frontier, revised edition. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-3387-2.
  • Vestal, Stanley. Warpath: The True Story of the Fighting Sioux Told in a Biography of Chief White Bull. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1934.
  • Warner, Ezra J. (1964). Generals in Blue: Lives of the Union Commanders. Louisiana State University Press. ISBN 0-8071-0822-7. 
  • Welch, James, with Paul Stekler. (2007 [1994]). Killing Custer: The Battle of Little Bighorn and the Fate of the Plains Indians. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.
  • Wert, Jeffry D. Custer: The Controversial Life of George Armstrong Custer. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1996. ISBN 0-684-83275-5.
  • Wittenberg, Eric J. (2001). Glory Enough for All : Sheridan's Second Raid and the Battle of Trevilian Station. Brassey's Inc. ISBN 1-57488-353-4. 

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