Hezbollah

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Hezbollah
Bandera ning Hezbolla
Flag of Hezbollah
LeaderHassan Nasrallah
Founded1985 (officially)
IdeologyShia Islamism
Anti-imperialism[1][2][3]
Anti-Zionism
ReligionShia Islam
ColoursYellow, Green
Parliament of LebanonTemplate:Infobox political party/seats
Cabinet of LebanonTemplate:Infobox political party/seats
Website
See List of official sites.

Ing Hezbollah (حزب اللهḤizbu 'llāh, literal a kabaldugan, "Partidu nang Allah" o "Partidu ning Dios") — malyari mu namang transliterated Hizbullah, Hizballah, etc.[4] — metung yang grupung militanting Muslim a Shi'a ampong partidung pulitikal a makabasi king Lebanon.[5][6][7] Tatanggap yang saup a pampulitika ampong pinansyal king Iran ampong Syria, at ing dake nang paramilitary tuturing deng pangimut a pangresistensyaking mabilug a yatung Arabu ampong Muslim.[5] Para kareng kapamahalan ning Estados Unidos,[8] ing Netherlands,[9][10][11][12] Bahrain,[13][14][15] France,[16] U.K., Australia, Canada, ampong Israel, metung yang aguman o organisasyun a terorista ing Hezbollah, king kabilugan o metung a dake na niti.[17][18] Aisipan deng itikdo deng paring Muslim, at pinonduan ne ning Iran kaybat ning pamanyakup ning Israel king Lebanon anyang 1982, at mitátag ya bayu ing sabla bang lumaban king pamanyakup ning Israel.[19] Kinangwa lang inspirasyun deng kayang pekapun kang Ayatollah Khomeini, at senayan nala at inorganisa ning metung a tropa da reng Iranian Revolutionary Guards.[20]

|url=http://books.google.com/?id=CG-AjU3rraQC&pg=PA70}}</ref>[21][22]

Dalerayan

  1. Elie Alagha, Joseph (2011). Hizbullah's Documents: From the 1985 Open Letter to the 2009 Manifesto. Amsterdam University Press, 15, 20. ISBN 9085550378. 
  2. Shehata, Samer (2012). Islamist Politics in the Middle East: Movements and Change. Routledge. ISBN 0415783615. 
  3. Husseinia*, Rola El (2010). "Hezbollah and the Axis of Refusal: Hamas, Iran and Syria". Third World Quarterly 31, (5,). Archived from the original. You must specify the date the archive was made using the |archivedate= parameter. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01436597.2010.502695. 
  4. deng aliwang transliteration kayabe ya ing Hizbollah, Hezballah, Hisbollah, Hizbu'llah ampong Hizb Allah.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Jamail, Dahr (July 20, 2006). Hezbollah's transformation. Asia Times. Retrieved on October 23, 2007.
  6. A Tweet too far: US editor latest victim of Internet Inquisition. RT. Retrieved on October 19, 2010.
  7. Hezbollah (a.k.a. Hizbollah, Hizbu'llah). Council on Foreign Relations (September 13, 2008). Retrieved on September 15, 2008.
  8. Template:Cite w
  9. Norman, Lawrence and Gordon Fairclough. "Pressure Mounts for EU to Put Hezbollah on Terror List." Wall Street Journal. 7 September 2012. 3 November 2012.
  10. Kreiger, Hilary Leila and Benjamin Weinthal. "US official urges EU to name Hezbollah 'terrorists.' Jerusalem Post. 26 October 2012. 3 November 2012.
  11. "Dutch FM urges EU to place Hezbollah on terror group list." JTA. 6 September 2012. 3 November 2012.
  12. Muriel Asseraf, Prospects for Adding Hezbollah to the EU Terrorist List, September 2007
  13. "Bahrain’s parliament declares Hezbollah a terrorist group", Jerusalem Post (March 26, 2013). 
  14. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named bahrain
  15. Bahrain arrests bombing suspects and blames Hezbollah. Reuters (November 6, 2012).
  16. http://www.algemeiner.com/2013/04/04/jewish-leaders-applaud-hezbollah-terror-designation-by-france
  17. Goldirova, Renata (September 17, 2008). "MEPs call on EU states to list Hezbollah as terrorist group", EUobserver. Retrieved on August 6, 2009. 
  18. Hezbollah, the Party of Terror. Why should be included in the EU terrorist list, October 5, 2012, http://www.friendsofisraelinitiative.org/uploads/papers/pdf/FOI_Paper8_v1.pdf 
  19. "Who are Hezbollah", BBC News (May 21, 2008). Retrieved on August 15, 2008. 
  20. Adam Shatz (April 29, 2004). In Search of Hezbollah. The New York Review of Books. Retrieved on August 14, 2006.
  21. Giraldo, Jeanne (2007). Terrorism Financing and State Responses. Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-5565-8. 
  22. "US Treasury takes action against Hezbollah funders", Jerusalem Post (April 24, 2013). 

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Opisyal a karinan

UN resolutions regarding Hezbollah

Aliwa pang suglung

  • Hezbollah: Financing Terror through Criminal Enterprise, Testimony of Matthew Levitt, Hearing of the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, United States Senate
  • Hizbullah's two republics by Mohammed Ben Jelloun, Al-Ahram, February 15–21, 2007
  • Inside Hezbollah, short documentary and extensive information from Frontline/World on PBS.
  • An Open Letter: The Hezbollah Program – five pages excerpted from Hezbollah's 1985 manifesto translated into English. The complete document is 20 printed pages in translation and may be found in Norton, Augustus (1987). Amal and the Shi'a: Struggle for the Soul of Lebanon. Austin: University of Texas Press. ISBN 0-292-73039-X.  Specifically: "Nass al-risala al-maftuha allati wajjaha hizb allah ila al-mustad'afin fi lubnan wa al-'alam [Text of an Open Letter Addressed by Hizballah to the Downtrodden in Lebanon and in the World]", Appendix B, pp. 167–187.</ref>
  • Hizbullah – the 'Party of God' – fact file at Ynetnews

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