Isaac Newton

Ibat king Wikipedia


Sir Isaac Newton
Ing 1689 larawan nang Isaac Newton (idad 46) neng Godfrey Kneller
Ing 1689 larawan nang Isaac Newton (idad 46) neng Godfrey Kneller
Mibait4 Eneru 1643(1643-01-04)
Kematyan31 Marsu 1727 (maki edad a 84)
[OS: 20 March 1727][1]
Kensington, Middlesex, Inglaterra
BangsaEnglish (British from 1707)
Taldawaphysics, mathematics, astronomy, natural philosophy, alchemy, theology
InstitusiunUniversity of Cambridge
Royal Society
Royal Mint
Alma materTrinity College, Cambridge
Academic advisorsIsaac Barrow[2]
Benjamin Pulleyn[3][4]
Kapansinpansin estudiantiRoger Cotes
William Whiston
Bantug kengNewtonian mechanics
Universal gravitation
AyasagHenry More[5]
Polish Brethren[6]
MekayasagNicolas Fatio de Duillier
John Keill
Kasalpantayanan kabilianArianism; for details see article
Sir Isaac Newton's signature
Ing lagiu nang Ima na Hannah Ayscough ya. Ing kayang kapitnang pangunakan a babai iyapin i Catherine Barton.

I Sir Isaac Newton FRS (4 Eneru 1643 – 31 Marsu 1727 [OS: 25 Disiembri 1642 – 20 Marsu 1727])[1] metung yang Inglaterru physicist, mathematicu, astronomer, natural philosopu, alchemist, ampong theologian nung nu ing panakit da ampong kikilalanan kareng dakal a matenakan ampong deng malda bilang metung kareng maimpluwensiang tau keng amlat.[7] Ing kayang 1687 pangabulaglag ning Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica (keraklan mayayaus a Principia) metung yang kikilalanan dang mainpluwensiyang aklat keng amlat ning science, memie talatag keng keraklan da reng classical mechanics. Ining kayang obra, i Newton pepasiag na ing universal gravitation ampo ring atlung laws of motion nung nu iti ing megbabo kareng scientific lawe da keng physical universe kaibat ning tutuking atlung dilanua (siglu). I Newton pepakit na deng galo da reng bage keng Yatu ampo ding celestial bage mangasiwa la kareng parepareung salansan da reng natural a batas kapamilatan ning pepakit na pane ing pamiugne ning Kepler's laws of planetary motion ampo ning kayang theoriang pami-igut (gravitation), inya leko na iti ing pamikakunu tungkul keng heliocentrism ampong sinulong na ing scientific revolution.

Ding Kayang Sinulat[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

Lawen la rin[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

Footnotes ampong dalerayan[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named OSNS
  2. Mordechai Feingold, Barrow, Isaac (1630–1677), Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, September 2004; online edn, May 2007; accessed 24 February 2009; explained further in Mordechai Feingold " Newton, Leibniz, and Barrow Too: An Attempt at a Reinterpretation"; Isis, Vol. 84, No. 2 (June, 1993), pp. 310-338
  3. Dictionary of Scientific Biography, Newton, Isaac, n.4
  4. Gjersten, Derek (1986). The Newton Handbook. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. 
  5. Westfall, Richard S. [1980] (1983). "Never at Rest: A Biography of Isaac Newton. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 530–1. 
  6. Snobelen, Stephen D. (1999). "Isaac Newton, heretic: the strategies of a Nicodemite" (PDF). British Journal for the History of Science 32: 381–419. doi:10.1017/S0007087499003751. Archived from the original on 2013-10-07. Retrieved on 2009-11-29. 
  7. Archive copy. Archived from the original on 2012-01-06. Retrieved on 2009-11-29.
  8. Newton's alchemical works transcribed and online at Indiana University retrieved 11 January 2007

Dalerayan[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

  • Ball, W.W. Rouse (1908). A Short Account of the History of Mathematics. New York: Dover. 
  • Christianson, Gale (1984). In the Presence of the Creator: Isaac Newton & His Times. New York: Free Press. ISBN 0-02-905190-8.  This well documented work provides, in particular, valuable information regarding Newton's knowledge of Patristics
  • Craig, John (1958). "Isaac Newton – Crime Investigator". Nature 182: 149. doi:10.1038/182149a0. 
  • Craig, John (1963). "Isaac Newton and the Counterfeiters". Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 18: 136. doi:10.1098/rsnr.1963.0017. 
  • Westfall, Richard S. (1980, 1998). Never at Rest. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-27435-4. 
  • Westfall, Richard S. (1994). The Life of Isaac Newton. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521477379. 
  • White, Michael (1997). Isaac Newton: The Last Sorcerer. Fourth Estate Limited. ISBN 1-85702-416-8. 

Karagdagan Pamamasa[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

  • Andrade, E. N. De C. (1950). Isaac Newton. New York: Chanticleer Press. 
  • Bardi, Jason Socrates. The Calculus Wars: Newton, Leibniz, and the Greatest Mathematical Clash of All Time. (2006). 277 pp. excerpt and text search
  • Bechler, Zev (1991). Newton's Physics and the Conceptual Structure of the Scientific Revolution. Springer. ISBN 0792310543. .
  • Berlinski, David. Newton's Gift: How Sir Isaac Newton Unlocked the System of the World. (2000). 256 pp. excerpt and text search ISBN 0-684-84392-7
  • Buchwald, Jed Z. and Cohen, I. Bernard, eds. Isaac Newton's Natural Philosophy. MIT Press, 2001. 354 pp. excerpt and text search
  • Casini, P. (1988). "Newton's Principia and the Philosophers of the Enlightenment". Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 42 (1): 35–52. doi:10.1098/rsnr.1988.0006. ISSN 0035–9149. Archived from the original. You must specify the date the archive was made using the |archivedate= parameter. 
  • Christianson, Gale E. (1996). Isaac Newton and the Scientific Revolution. Oxford University Press. ISBN 019530070X.  See this site for excerpt and text search.
  • Christianson, Gale (1984). In the Presence of the Creator: Isaac Newton & His Times. New York: Free Press. ISBN 0-02-905190-8. 
  • Cohen, I. Bernard and Smith, George E., ed. The Cambridge Companion to Newton. (2002). 500 pp. focuses on philosophical issues only; excerpt and text search; complete edition online Archived Oktubri 8, 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  • Cohen, I. B. (1980). The Newtonian Revolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 
  • Craig, John (1946). Newton at the Mint. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. 
  • Dampier, William C.; Dampier, M. (1959). Readings in the Literature of Science. New York: Harper & Row. 
  • de Villamil, Richard (1931). Newton, the Man. London: G.D. Knox.  – Preface by Albert Einstein. Reprinted by Johnson Reprint Corporation, New York (1972).
  • Dobbs, B. J. T. (1975). The Foundations of Newton's Alchemy or "The Hunting of the Greene Lyon". Cambridge University Press. 
  • Gjertsen, Derek (1986). The Newton Handbook. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. ISBN 0-7102-0279-2. 
  • Gleick, James (2003). Isaac Newton. Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 0375422331. 
  • Halley, E. (1687). "Review of Newton's Principia". Philosophical Transactions 186: 291 – 297. 
  • Hart, Michael H. (1992). The 100. Carol Publishing Group. ISBN 0-8065-1350-0.  – paperback
  • Hawking, Stephen, ed. On the Shoulders of Giants. ISBN 0-7624-1348-4 Places selections from Newton's Principia in the context of selected writings by Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo and Einstein
  • Herivel, J. W. (1965). The Background to Newton's Principia. A Study of Newton's Dynamical Researches in the Years 1664–84. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 
  • Keynes, John Maynard (1963). Essays in Biography. W. W. Norton & Co. ISBN 0-393-00189-X.  Keynes took a close interest in Newton and owned many of Newton's private papers.
  • Koyré, A. (1965). Newtonian Studies. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 
  • Newton, Isaac. Papers and Letters in Natural Philosophy, edited by I. Bernard Cohen. Harvard University Press, 1958,1978. ISBN 0-674-46853-8.
  • Newton, Isaac (1642–1727). The Principia: a new Translation, Guide by I. Bernard Cohen ISBN 0-520-08817-4 University of California (1999)
  • Pemberton, H. (1728). A View of Sir Isaac Newton's Philosophy. London: S. Palmer. 
  • Shamos, Morris H. (1959). Great Experiments in Physics. New York: Henry Holt and Company, Inc.. 
  • Shapley, Harlow, S. Rapport, and H. Wright. A Treasury of Science; "Newtonia" pp. 147–9; "Discoveries" pp. 150–4. Harper & Bros., New York, (1946).
  • Simmons, J. (1996). The Giant Book of Scientists  – The 100 Greatest Minds of all Time. Sydney: The Book Company. 
  • Stukeley, W. (1936), Memoirs of Sir Isaac Newton's Life, London: Taylor and Francis  (edited by A. H. White; originally published in 1752)
  • Westfall, R. S. (1971). Force in Newton's Physics: The Science of Dynamics in the Seventeenth Century. London: Macdonald. 

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