Isaac Newton

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Sir Isaac Newton
Ing 1689 larawan nang Isaac Newton (idad 46) neng Godfrey Kneller
Ing 1689 larawan nang Isaac Newton (idad 46) neng Godfrey Kneller
Mibait4 Eneru 1643(1643-01-04)
Kematyan31 Marsu 1727 (maki edad a 84)
[OS: 20 March 1727][1]
Kensington, Middlesex, Inglaterra
BangsaEnglish (British from 1707)
Taldawaphysics, mathematics, astronomy, natural philosophy, alchemy, theology
InstitusiunUniversity of Cambridge
Royal Society
Royal Mint
Alma materTrinity College, Cambridge
Academic advisorsIsaac Barrow[2]
Benjamin Pulleyn[3][4]
Kapansinpansin estudiantiRoger Cotes
William Whiston
Bantug kengNewtonian mechanics
Universal gravitation
AyasagHenry More[5]
Polish Brethren[6]
MekayasagNicolas Fatio de Duillier
John Keill
Kasalpantayanan kabilianArianism; for details see article
Sir Isaac Newton's signature
Ing lagiu nang Ima na Hannah Ayscough ya. Ing kayang kapitnang pangunakan a babai iyapin i Catherine Barton.

I Sir Isaac Newton FRS (4 Eneru 1643 – 31 Marsu 1727 [OS: 25 Disiembri 1642 – 20 Marsu 1727])[1] metung yang Inglaterru physicist, mathematicu, astronomer, natural philosopu, alchemist, ampong theologian nung nu ing panakit da ampong kikilalanan kareng dakal a matenakan ampong deng malda bilang metung kareng maimpluwensiang tau keng amlat.[7] Ing kayang 1687 pangabulaglag ning Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica (keraklan mayayaus a Principia) metung yang kikilalanan dang mainpluwensiyang aklat keng amlat ning science, memie talatag keng keraklan da reng classical mechanics. Ining kayang obra, i Newton pepasiag na ing universal gravitation ampo ring atlung laws of motion nung nu iti ing megbabo kareng scientific lawe da keng physical universe kaibat ning tutuking atlung dilanua (siglu). I Newton pepakit na deng galo da reng bage keng Yatu ampo ding celestial bage mangasiwa la kareng parepareung salansan da reng natural a batas kapamilatan ning pepakit na pane ing pamiugne ning Kepler's laws of planetary motion ampo ning kayang theoriang pami-igut (gravitation), inya leko na iti ing pamikakunu tungkul keng heliocentrism ampong sinulong na ing scientific revolution.

Ding Kayang Sinulat[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

Lawen la rin[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

Footnotes ampong dalerayan[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named OSNS
  2. Mordechai Feingold, Barrow, Isaac (1630–1677), Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, September 2004; online edn, May 2007; accessed 24 February 2009; explained further in Mordechai Feingold " Newton, Leibniz, and Barrow Too: An Attempt at a Reinterpretation"; Isis, Vol. 84, No. 2 (June, 1993), pp. 310-338
  3. Dictionary of Scientific Biography, Newton, Isaac, n.4
  4. Gjersten, Derek (1986). The Newton Handbook. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. 
  5. Westfall, Richard S. [1980] (1983). "Never at Rest: A Biography of Isaac Newton. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 530–1. 
  6. Snobelen, Stephen D. (1999). "Isaac Newton, heretic: the strategies of a Nicodemite" (PDF). British Journal for the History of Science 32: 381–419. doi:10.1017/S0007087499003751. Archived from the original. You must specify the date the archive was made using the |archivedate= parameter. 
  8. Newton's alchemical works transcribed and online at Indiana University retrieved 11 January 2007

Dalerayan[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

  • Ball, W.W. Rouse (1908). A Short Account of the History of Mathematics. New York: Dover. 
  • Christianson, Gale (1984). In the Presence of the Creator: Isaac Newton & His Times. New York: Free Press. ISBN 0-02-905190-8.  This well documented work provides, in particular, valuable information regarding Newton's knowledge of Patristics
  • Craig, John (1958). "Isaac Newton – Crime Investigator". Nature 182: 149. doi:10.1038/182149a0. 
  • Craig, John (1963). "Isaac Newton and the Counterfeiters". Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 18: 136. doi:10.1098/rsnr.1963.0017. 
  • Westfall, Richard S. (1980, 1998). Never at Rest. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-27435-4. 
  • Westfall, Richard S. (1994). The Life of Isaac Newton. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521477379. 
  • White, Michael (1997). Isaac Newton: The Last Sorcerer. Fourth Estate Limited. ISBN 1-85702-416-8. 

Karagdagan Pamamasa[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

  • Andrade, E. N. De C. (1950). Isaac Newton. New York: Chanticleer Press. 
  • Bardi, Jason Socrates. The Calculus Wars: Newton, Leibniz, and the Greatest Mathematical Clash of All Time. (2006). 277 pp. excerpt and text search
  • Bechler, Zev (1991). Newton's Physics and the Conceptual Structure of the Scientific Revolution. Springer. ISBN 0792310543. .
  • Berlinski, David. Newton's Gift: How Sir Isaac Newton Unlocked the System of the World. (2000). 256 pp. excerpt and text search ISBN 0-684-84392-7
  • Buchwald, Jed Z. and Cohen, I. Bernard, eds. Isaac Newton's Natural Philosophy. MIT Press, 2001. 354 pp. excerpt and text search
  • Casini, P. (1988). "Newton's Principia and the Philosophers of the Enlightenment". Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 42 (1): 35–52. doi:10.1098/rsnr.1988.0006. ISSN 0035–9149. Archived from the original. You must specify the date the archive was made using the |archivedate= parameter. 
  • Christianson, Gale E. (1996). Isaac Newton and the Scientific Revolution. Oxford University Press. ISBN 019530070X.  See this site for excerpt and text search.
  • Christianson, Gale (1984). In the Presence of the Creator: Isaac Newton & His Times. New York: Free Press. ISBN 0-02-905190-8. 
  • Cohen, I. Bernard and Smith, George E., ed. The Cambridge Companion to Newton. (2002). 500 pp. focuses on philosophical issues only; excerpt and text search; complete edition online
  • Cohen, I. B. (1980). The Newtonian Revolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 
  • Craig, John (1946). Newton at the Mint. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. 
  • Dampier, William C.; Dampier, M. (1959). Readings in the Literature of Science. New York: Harper & Row. 
  • de Villamil, Richard (1931). Newton, the Man. London: G.D. Knox.  – Preface by Albert Einstein. Reprinted by Johnson Reprint Corporation, New York (1972).
  • Dobbs, B. J. T. (1975). The Foundations of Newton's Alchemy or "The Hunting of the Greene Lyon". Cambridge University Press. 
  • Gjertsen, Derek (1986). The Newton Handbook. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. ISBN 0-7102-0279-2. 
  • Gleick, James (2003). Isaac Newton. Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 0375422331. 
  • Halley, E. (1687). "Review of Newton's Principia". Philosophical Transactions 186: 291 – 297. 
  • Hart, Michael H. (1992). The 100. Carol Publishing Group. ISBN 0-8065-1350-0.  – paperback
  • Hawking, Stephen, ed. On the Shoulders of Giants. ISBN 0-7624-1348-4 Places selections from Newton's Principia in the context of selected writings by Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo and Einstein
  • Herivel, J. W. (1965). The Background to Newton's Principia. A Study of Newton's Dynamical Researches in the Years 1664–84. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 
  • Keynes, John Maynard (1963). Essays in Biography. W. W. Norton & Co. ISBN 0-393-00189-X.  Keynes took a close interest in Newton and owned many of Newton's private papers.
  • Koyré, A. (1965). Newtonian Studies. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 
  • Newton, Isaac. Papers and Letters in Natural Philosophy, edited by I. Bernard Cohen. Harvard University Press, 1958,1978. ISBN 0-674-46853-8.
  • Newton, Isaac (1642–1727). The Principia: a new Translation, Guide by I. Bernard Cohen ISBN 0-520-08817-4 University of California (1999)
  • Pemberton, H. (1728). A View of Sir Isaac Newton's Philosophy. London: S. Palmer. 
  • Shamos, Morris H. (1959). Great Experiments in Physics. New York: Henry Holt and Company, Inc.. 
  • Shapley, Harlow, S. Rapport, and H. Wright. A Treasury of Science; "Newtonia" pp. 147–9; "Discoveries" pp. 150–4. Harper & Bros., New York, (1946).
  • Simmons, J. (1996). The Giant Book of Scientists  – The 100 Greatest Minds of all Time. Sydney: The Book Company. 
  • Stukeley, W. (1936), Memoirs of Sir Isaac Newton's Life, London: Taylor and Francis  (edited by A. H. White; originally published in 1752)
  • Westfall, R. S. (1971). Force in Newton's Physics: The Science of Dynamics in the Seventeenth Century. London: Macdonald. 

Suglung Palual[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

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Newton's books[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

Aliwapa[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

Unrecognised parameter
Minuna kaya
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1700 – 1727
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