James Cook

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(Captain) James Cook
Captainjamescookportrait.jpg
James Cook, larawan neng Nathaniel Dance, manga 1775, National Maritime Museum, Greenwich
Mibait Octubri 27 1728(1728-10-27)
Marton, Yorkshire, England
Kematian Pebreru 14 1779 (maki edad a 50)
Hawaii
Bangsa British
Pegaralan Postgate School, Great Ayton
Obra Explorer, navigator, cartographer
Pamansag Captain
Asawa Elizabeth Batts
anak James Cook, Nathaniel Cook, Elizabeth Cook, Joseph Cook, George Cook, Hugh Cook
Pengari James Cook, Grace Pace
Signature
James Cook Signature.svg
Blue plaque para kang Capitan James Cook

I Capitan James Cook FRS RN (27 October 1728 (O.S.) - 14 February 1779) metung yang Ingles a talapaglakbe, talapaglayag ampong talagawang mapa, a mitas king ranggu ning Capitan king Royal Navy. I Cook ing minunang ginawang mapa ning Newfoundland bayu karing atlu nang pamaglakbe king Pacific Ocean, nung kapilan megi yang mumunang Europeung miras king pampang ning Australia ampo Isla ning Hawaii, ampo ing mumunang misulat a pamaglayag padurut king New Zealand.[1]

Mikiabe ya i Cook king merchant navy ning Britania aniang binatiliu ya pamu[2] at mikiabe ya king Royal Navy aniang 1755. Mekilaban ya king Seven Years' War, at kaibat na nita, sikdan ne ampong gewang mapa ing maragul a dake ning piluluban (entrance) ning Ilug Saint Lawrence aniang pamaglusub ning Quebec. Uli na niti, ikua nang arapat General Wolfe ing kayang kasebian a pasalikut a pamaglusub (stealth attack) king Plains of Abraham. Ini ing migdala kaya king pansin ning Admiralty ampo ing Royal Society. Mikatagun a aniang a miliari iti aniang ustung panaun king kayang karera, ampo king pamanuclas na kareng aliwang labuad ning Britania, ining pamamansin kaya, at minuli iti king pamanuldu kaya antimong pekapun (commander) ning HM Bark Endeavour para king mumuna kareng atlung pamaglakbe king Pacifico.

Mengalat yang impormasiun tungkul kareng dakal a lugal i Cook, at ginawa yang mapa da reng dakal a isla ampong bebe dayatmalat para kareng mapa da reng Europeu king mumunang pamikatagun. Ayabut nang Cook ing kayang tagumpe uling kareng dakal a bage, kayabe na ing kabiasnan na king dayatmalat (seamanship), pangamatenakan king pamaniukad lugal (surveying) ampong pamangawang mapa, tepangan king pamanuklas kareng mapanganib a karinan bang patutuan ing impormasiun (alimbawa, ing ulit-ulit nang pamamunta king Antarctic Circle ampong pamaglakbe padurut king Great Barrier Reef, kagiwan a manibala kareng tau lipat ning mangasákit a kabilian, ampong kapangangasan (boldness) king leparan da reng kayang pamaglakbe ampong kaburian a lagpusan ing kautusan na kaya ning Admiralty.[2]

Mete ya i Cook king Hawaii aniang akapate da la reng Hawaianu aniang katlu nang pamaglakbe ning pamanuklas king Pacifico kanitang 1779.

Lon la murin deti[mag-edit | edit source]

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Ing Wikimedia Commons atin yang mediang maki kaugnayan kang/king:

Notes[mag-edit | edit source]

Dalerayan[mag-edit | edit source]

  • Aughton, Peter. 2002, Endeavour: The Story of Captain Cook's First Great Epic Voyage. Cassell & Co., London.
  • John Cawte Beaglehole, biographer of Cook and editor of his Journals.
  • Collingridge, Vanessa. Feb. 2003 Captain Cook: The Life, Death and Legacy of History's Greatest Explorer, Ebury Press, ISBN 0-09-188898-0
  • Edwards, Philip, ed. 2003, James Cook: The Journals. Prepared from the original manuscripts by J. C. Beaglehole 1955-67. Penguin Books, London.
  • Horwitz, Tony. Oct. 2003, Blue Latitudes: Boldly Going Where Captain Cook Has Gone Before, Bloomsbury, ISBN 0-7475-6455-8
  • Andrew Kippis, The Life and Voyages of Captain James Cook, Westminster 1788, George Newnes, London/Charles Scribner's Sons, New York 1904.
  • Obeyesekere, Gananath. 1992, The Apotheosis of Captain Cook: European Mythmaking in the Pacific Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-05752-4.
  • Richardson, Brian. 2005. Longitude and Empire: How Captain Cook's Voyages Changed the World University of British Columbia Press. ISBN 0-7748-1190-0.
  • Sydney Daily Telegraph. 1970, Captain Cook: His Artists - His Voyages. The Sydney Daily Telegraph Portfolio of Original Works by Artists who sailed with Captain Cook. Australian Consolidated Press, Sydney.
  • Thomas, Nicholas. 2003, The Extraordinary Voyages of Captain James Cook. Walker & Co., New York. ISBN 0-8027-1412-9
  • Williams, Glyndwr, ed. 1997, Captain Cook's Voyages: 1768-1779. The Folio Society, London.
  • Williams, G (Prof.), 2002 Captain Cook: Explorer, Navigator and Pioneer, BBC History 2002
  • Villiers, Alan John, 1903-. Captain James Cook. Newport Beach, CA : Books on Tape, 1983.

Suglung palual[mag-edit | edit source]

Template:S-awards

Minuna kaya
Nevil Maskelyne
Copley Medal
1776
Menalili kaya
John Mudge


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