Kurdistan

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Lundag ka king: pamaglibut, paintunan
Kurdistan
Kurdish-inhabited area by CIA (1992).jpg
Deng lugal nung nu la manuknangan deng Kurd
Amanu Kurdish, Turkish, Arabic and Persian
Lugal Albugan ampong Pangulu albugang Iranian Plateau: Upper Mesopotamia, Zagros, Mauli albugang Anatolia, kayabe la reng dake ning Pangulu albugang Iran, pangulung Iraq, pangulu aslagang Syria ampong mauli aslagang Turkey[1]
Lapad (Tantsa) 190,000 km²–390,000 km²
74,000 sq.mi–151,000 sq.mi
Populasyun 25 anggang 30 milyun (Populasyun a Kurdish) (Est.)[2]

Ing Kurdistan ((makiramdam)  "Labwad da reng Kurd";[3] a ausan da mu namang Curdistan kanita;[4][5] laun a lagyu: Corduene[6][7][8][9][10][11][12]) metung yang e makaing malino pamigulis a labwad nung nu deng Kurds ing manimunang mayorya ning populasyun,[mangailangangan yang sitas/suporta] at nung nu la makabasi deng Kurdish a kultura, amanu, ampong pamikilalang pambangsa king kasalesayan.[13]

King kasalungsungan a pamangamit, ing Kurdistan mangabaldugan yang deng mapilan a dake ning albugang Turkey (Turkish Kurdistan), pangulung Iraq (Iraqi Kurdistan), pangulu albugang Iran (Iranian Kurdistan) ampong [pangulu]]ng Syria (Western Kurdistan) nung nu deng Kurd ing manimunang manuknangan.[14] Halus katulid ne ning Kurdistan ing labwad a bibilugan da rengpangulu albugan ning kabundukan a Zagros ampong aslagan ning kabundukan a Taurus mountain ranges,[15] at miraras ya kareng dake ning Armenia.

Minuna yang mika kabilyan a autonomous (maki sariling pamanibala) king pamikasundu anyang 1970 king kapamahalan a Iraqi, at mekumpirma yang pasibayu ing kayang kabilyan antimong labwad a autonomous kilub ning pederal a republikang Iraqi anyang 2005.[16] Ating lalawigan a maki lagyung Kurdistan king Iran; ala yang sariling pamanibala.

Asakup de reng Kurd a lalaban king Gerang sibil king Syria ing maragul a dake ning pangulu aslagan ning Syria kabang minurung la reng pwersang kakampi nang al-Assad ba lang lumaban kareng aliwang lugal. Uling atátag de ing sarili rang kapamahalan, minyad lang autonomia king demokratikung Syria deng aliwang Kurd; den namang aliwa, kapagnasan dang mitátag magsarili o independienting Kurdistan.[17]

Bisa lang mitikdong mágsariling bangsang estadung (nation state) Kurdistan deng aliwang agumang nasyonalistang Kurdish, a bibilugan da reng aliwa o ing sablang lugal a keraklan Kurdish, kabang deng aliwa naman, mangampanya la para king karagdagang autonomiyang Kurdish kilub da reng kasalukuyang angganan da reng bangsa.[18][19]

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Lon la mu rin[mag-edit | edit source]

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Dalerayan[mag-edit | edit source]

  1. Kurdistan - Definitions from Dictionary.com. Retrieved on 2007-10-21.
  2. Kurdish Studies Program. Florida State University. Retrieved on 2007-03-17.
  3. Kurdistan. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Retrieved on 2010-07-29.
  4. The Edinburgh encyclopaedia, conducted by D. Brewster—Page 511, Original from Oxford University—published 1830
  5. An Account of the State of Roman-Catholick Religion, Sir Richard Steele, Published 1715
  6. N. Maxoudian, Early Armenia as an Empire: The Career of Tigranes III, 95–55 BC, Journal of The Royal Central Asian Society, Vol. 39, Issue 2, April 1952 , pp. 156–163.
  7. A.D. Lee, The Role of Hostages in Roman Diplomacy with Sasanian Persia, Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte, Vol. 40, No. 3 (1991), pp. 366–374 (see p.371)
  8. M. Sicker, The pre-Islamic Middle East, 231 pp., Greenwood Publishing Group, 2000, (see p.181)
  9. J. den Boeft, Philological and historical commentary on Ammianus Marcellinus XXIII, 299 pp., Bouma Publishers, 1998. (see p.44)
  10. J. F. Matthews, Political life and culture in late Roman society, 304 pp., 1985
  11. George Henry Townsend, A manual of dates: a dictionary of reference to the most important events in the history of mankind to be found in authentic records, 1116 pp., Warne, 1867. (see p.556)
  12. F. Stark, Rome on the Euphrates: the story of a frontier, 481 pp., 1966. (see p.342)
  13. M. T. O'Shea, Trapped between the map and reality: geography and perceptions of Kurdistan , 258 pp., Routledge, 2004. (see p.77)
  14. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, 2005.
  15. Kurdistan, Britannica Concise.
  16. Iraqi Constitution, Article 113.
  17. "Kurds seek autonomy in democratic Syria", BBC (August 16, 2012). 
  18. The Kurdish Conflict: Aspirations for Statehood within the Spirals of International Relations in the 21st Century. Kurdishaspect.com. Retrieved on 2011-05-13.
  19. Hamit Bozarslan “The Kurdish Question: Can it be solved withing Europe?”, page 84 “The years of silence and of renewal” in Olivier Roy, ed. “Turkey Today: A European Country?”.


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