Oscar Niemeyer

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Oscar Niemeyer

I Oscar Niemeyer kanitang dekadang 1950
MibaitOscar Ribeiro de Almeida Niemeyer Soares Filho
Disiembri 15 1907(1907-12-15)
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
MeteDisiembri 5 2012 (maki edad a 104)
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
NasionalidadBrazilian
Alma materEscola Nacional de Belas Artes (1934)
Meimpluensia ya kang/kengLe Corbusier
Lucio Costa
Galal1988 Pritzker Prize
1998 RIBA Royal Gold Medal
Obra
GusaliPalácio da Alvorada
Cathedral of Brasília
National Congress of Brazil
Edifício Copan
Ibirapuera Park
United Nations headquarters
Niterói Contemporary Art Museum
ProyektuMuseum of Modern Art of Caracas

I Oscar Ribeiro de Almeida Niemeyer Soares Filho (Diciembre 15, 1907 – Diciembre 5, 2012), a ausan dang Oscar Niemeyer Brazilian Portuguese: [ˈɔskaʁ ˈniemajeʁ], metung yang Brazilian a akitektung tuturing dang metung kareng manimunang tauan king pamanalkus ning makabayung arkitektura. Pikabalwan yang dili i Niemeyer king kayang pamagdisenyu kareng gusaling sibiku para king for Brasília, metung a lakanbalen a miplanu a (planned city) a meging tungku o buntukbalen which became Brazil's (capital)l ning Brazil anyang 1960, ampong ing kayang pamakyabe kareng aliwang arkitektu king pamagdisenyu king Pun Tanggapan da areng Misasanmetung a Bangsa (United Nations Headquarters) king New York City. Maragul ing impluwensya ning kayang pamanuklas kareng malyaring gawan king sementung pepasikan (reinforced concrete) king arkitektura ning tawling dake ning kadwang pulung dilanwa/siglu ampo ing mumunang dake ning kadwang pulu't metung a dilanwa (late 20th and early 21st centuries).

Mibait ya king Rio de Janeiro i Niemeyer, a megaral king Escola Nacional de Belas Artes king kayang lakanbalen, at kayari na, megobra ya king negosyu nang tata na king typography, at antimong delinyanti (draftsman) para kareng lokal a kumpanyang pang-arkitektura. In the 1930s, he interned with Lúcio Costa, with the pair collaborating on the design for the Palácio Gustavo Capanema in Rio de Janeiro. Ing mumuna nang maragul a proyektu yapin ing pamagdisenyu ning metung a serye da reng gusali para king Niemeyer's first major project was the design of a series of buildings for Pampulha, metung a planadung karulun (planned suburb) king pangulu ning karulun ning Belo Horizonte. Pinuri de reng kritiku ing kayang obra, lalu na ing Church of Saint Francis of Assisi, a apansinan de kareng aliwang bangsa. received critical acclaim, and drew Niemeyer international attention. Anyang dekadang 1940s ampong 1950s, megi yang metung kareng abalang diling arkitektu king Brazil i Niemeyer, at migdisenyu yang miyayaliwang gusali king bangsa na ampo king kilwal.

Anyang 1956, inagkat ne ning bayung pamuntuk o presidenti ning Brazil i Niemeyer a magdisenyu kareng gusaling pangsibiku ning bayu nang tungku o buntuk balen (capital) ning Brazil, a mitikdo king libutad ning bangsa, a marayu kareng lakanbalen o ciudad a atsu na. Anti la mong experimental deng kayang disenyu para king His designs for the Pambangsang Kongresu ning Brazil, ing (National Congress of Brazil), ing Katedral ning Brasília Cathedral of Brasília, ing Sentrung Pangkultura ning Republika (Cultural Complex of the Republic), ing Palácio da Alvorada, ing Palácio do Planalto, and the Kakataskatasan a Ukuman a Pederal, a miyari ngan kanitang 1960, at miugne-ugne kapamilatan da reng milulupang dake o elementu ning disenyu. Uli na niting obra, mituldu ya antimong mumunang pekapun ning arkitektura king Universidad ning Brasília, ampong pangdangalan a pamiyanib king American Institute of Architects. Uli ning kayang ideolohiyang maka-kayli, ampong pamiugne king Partido Komunista ning Brazil (Brazilian Communist Party) (PCB), meko ya king bangsa i Niemeyer kaybat ning 1964 military coup, at kaybat memusni yang upisina king Paris. Mibalik ya king Brazil anyang 1985, at mibye ya kaya ing prestihyosung galal a Pritzker Architecture Prize kanitang 1988. Metung yang sosyalista ampong ateista manibat king kayang kayanakan i Niemeyer, a menuknangan king Cuba ampong Soviet Union anyang makalwal ya king bangsa na, at kabalik na, migsilbi yang pamuntuk ning PCB manibat 1992 anggang 1996. Taglus-taglus ya pa muring magobra i Niemeyer angga king wakas ning kadwang pulung dilanwa ampo ing mumunang dake ning kadwang pulu't metung a dilanwa, continued working at the (end of the 20th and early 21st century), at ya ing migdisenyu king Niterói Contemporary Art Museum (1996) ampo ing Novo Museu (2002). Mete ya king Rio de Janeiro anyang Diciembre 5, 2012, king edad a 104.

Dalerayan[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

Bibliography[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

  • Emery, Marc (1983). Furniture by Architects. New York: Harry N. Abrams. Retrieved on April 2010. 
  • Niemeyer, Oscar (1983). The Curves of Time: The Memoirs of Oscar Niemeyer. London: Phaidon. 
  • A Vida É Um Sopro "Life Is A Breath Of Air" (2007). Documentary directed by Fabiano Maciel

Suglung palwal[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

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