Rembrandt

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Rembrandt van Rijn

Sariling Larawan a Makasulud Beret ampong Maki Kwelyung Makatas (1659) neng Rembrandt
Lagyu anyang mibait Rembrant Harmenszoon van Rijn
Mibait 15 Juliu 1606(1606-07-15)[1]
Leiden, Dutch Republic (now Netherlands)
Mete 4 Octubri 1669 (maki edad a 63)
Amsterdam, Republikang Olandes (ngeni Netherlands)
Nasyonalidad Dutch
Propesyon Pamamintura, Pamaglimbag kareng dukit
Pangimut Dutch Golden Age
Baroque
Obra Danaë, 1636

Jacob de Gheyn III, 1632
Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp, 1632
Belshazzar's Feast, 1635

Night Watch, 1642

I Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (Pangayagkas a Holandes: [ˈrɛmbrɑnt ˈɦɑrmə(n)soːn vɑn ˈrɛin], 15 Julio 1606[1] – 4 Octubre 1669) metung yang Olandes o Dutch a talapinta ampong taladukit (etcher). Tuturing de reng dakal a metung kareng mapyang diling talapinta ampong talalimbag (printer) king kasalesayan ning arte o kalalangan king Europa, ampong maulagang dili king amlat o kasalesayan ning Netherlands.[2] Miras king arte ing kayang ambag king metung a panaun ning mitmung kayamanan o pibandian ampong tagumpe king kultura a awsan da reng talasulat amlat o historian a Ginintuang Panaun a Olandes o Dutch Golden Age, nung kapilan dakal ya ayambag ing Ginintuang Panaun a Olandes king pamamintura, a king dakal a paralan kakontra ning istilong Baroque a makababo king Europa kanita, dakal ya ayambag a obra ampong kaparalanan.

Kaybat nang anak pamung migtagumpe antimong talapintang larawan (portrait), mebakas ing trahedya ampong personal a kasakitan kareng tawli nang banwang Rembrandt. Nanupata, king mabilug nang bye, sikat la reng kayang limbag iampong pinintura, menatiling matas ing kayang kabilyan antimong talapinta,[3] at kilub ning adwang pulung banwa, dakal ya tirung maulagang talapintang Olandes.[4] Ing mapyang diling tagumpe nang Rembrandt ila pin deng kayang larawan da reng kayang kapanaun, sariling larawan ampong pamaglarawan kareng eksena ibat king Biblia. Metung lang alang kalupa ampong personal a talambye deng kayang sariling larawan, nung nu ne lalon ing kayang sariling alang pamagmaragul ampong mitmung linis pilubluban o sinseridad.[2]

Kareng kayang pinintura ampong limbag, pepakit na ing kayang belwan king klasikong iconography o pamaglarawan kareng sagradung tauan, a binage na king pamangaylangan ning kayang karanasan; uli na niti, king kayang pamaglarawan king metung a eksena ibat king Biblia, makatatak ing belwan nang Rembrandt king partikular a tekstu, ing kayang pamangamit king klasikong pamiugnayan o komposisyon, ampo reng kayang pamagumasid o obserbasyon kareng Judio ning Amsterdam.[5] Uling king kayang pamakiugnayan king kabilyan da reng tau ampo ning meto ketawan, inaus deng metung kareng "metung kareng mapyang propeta ning sibilisasyon" ("one of the great prophets of civilization").[6]

Karagdagang babasan[mag-edit | edit source]

  • Catalogue raisonné: Stichting Foundation Rembrandt Research Project:
    • A Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings — Volume I, which deals with works from Rembrandt’s early years in Leiden (1629–1631), 1982
    • A Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings — Volume II: 1631–1634. Bruyn, J., Haak, B. (et al.), Band 2, 1986, ISBN 978-90-247-3339-2
    • A Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings — Volume III, 1635–1642. Bruyn, J., Haak, B., Levie, S.H., van Thiel, P.J.J., van de Wetering, E. (Ed. Hrsg.), Band 3, 1990, ISBN 978-90-247-3781-9
    • A Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings — Volume IV. Ernst van de Wetering, Karin Groen et al. Springer, Dordrecht, the Netherlands (NL). ISBN 1-4020-3280-3. p. 692. (Self-Portraits)
  • Rembrandt. Images and metaphors, Christian Tumpel (editor), Haus Books London 2006 ISBN 978-1-904950-92-9
  • Van De Wetering, Ernst (2004) (2nd paperback printing). The Painter At Work. University of California Press,Berkley and Los Angeles. University of California Press, London, England. By arrangement with Amsterdam University Press. ISBN O-520-22668-2.

Suglung palwal[mag-edit | edit source]

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Or possibly 1607 as on 10 June 1634 he himself claimed to be 26 years old. See Is the Rembrandt Year being celebrated one year too soon? One year too late? and Template:Nl J. de Jong, Rembrandts geboortejaar een jaar te vroeg gevierd for sources concerning Rembrandts birth year, especially supporting 1607. However most sources continue to use 1606.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Gombrich, p. 420.
  3. Gombrich, p. 427.
  4. Clark, p. 203.
  5. Clark, pp. 203–4.
  6. Clark, p. 205.