Shard London Bridge

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The Shard

The Shard anyang Mayo 2012
Record height
Tallest in Europa since 2012[I]
Preceded byCommerzbank Tower
General information
KabilyanYari
Lugal32 London Bridge Street, Southwark, London, England, United Kingdom, SE1 9SG
Coordinates51°30′16″N, 0°5′12″W
Migumpisa ing pamanikdoMarzo 2009
MeyariJulio 2012
Alaga~ £450 million[1]
Technical details
Floor count95 (Including plant floors), 72 (habitable)
Floor areaTemplate:Convert/sqft
Design and construction
ArkitektuRenzo Piano
DeveloperSellar Property Group
Structural engineerTurner & Townsend (Project Managers), WSP Cantor Seinuk (Structural Engineers), Robert Bird Group (concrete temporary works) Ischebeck Titan on most floors 40+ for concrete support
Services engineerArup
Manimunang kontratistaMace
References
[2]

Ing Shard London Bridge o The Shard (a sadya dang awsang London Bridge Tower[3][4] o Shard of Glass)[5][6] metung yang skyscraper king Southwark, London. Maki katas yang 309.6 metres () babo ning gabun, at yang pekamatas a gusali king Europa anyang Julio 2012. Iti murin ing kadang pekamatas a istruktura king in United Kingdom, katuki ning 330-metre () toreng kongkretu king Emley Moor transmitting station.

Elilan ne ning The Shard ing Southwark Towers, metung a 24-pisu o palapag a gusaling pang-upisina king katatalakaran na a mitikdo anyang 1975. I Renzo Piano, ing arkitektu ning the Shard's architect, megobra ya king kumpanyang pang inhenyeria (engineering firm) a ing Broadway Malyan anyang panaun ning pamagplanu. Atin yang 72 pisu o palapag a malyaring gamitan ing tori, ampong viewing gallery at makabuklat a observation deck – ing pekamatas king UK – king ka-72ng pisu, king katas a 245 metres ().[7] Midisenyu ya ing The Shard king tabas o ubug a irregular a pramide (pyramid) manibat king pundasyun angga king babo, at laganas yang mibabalut king salamin. Miyari ya ing kayang istruktura anyang Abril 2012, at mibuklat ya king publiku anyang 5 Julio 2012.[8][9]

Lon la murin[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

Dalerayan[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

  1. "How much did the London Shard cost to build?" The London Shard. Retrieved 15 November 2011.
  2. Template:Emporis
  3. London Bridge Tower, London. Design Build Network. Retrieved 7 July 2010.
  4. "Shard funding crisis: Tower finances cast shadow over project", World Architecture News (10 September 2007). Retrieved on 7 July 2010. 
  5. Bar-Hillel, Mira (24 February 2009). "£28bn Shard of Glass to start its ascent". Retrieved on 7 July 2010. 
  6. "Work starts on Shard of Glass", New Civil Engineer (2 April 2009). Retrieved on 7 July 2010. 
  7. "Shard observation deck to be Europe's highest". CNPlus.co.uk, 20 May 2009. Retrieved 2 February 2012.
  8. "Prince Andrew and Qatari prime minister to open Shard on 5 July". LondonSE1, 30 April 2012. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
  9. "Qatar's Shard the tallest building in Europe now". Gulf Times, 3 January 2012. Retrieved 6 January 2012.

Bibliography[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

  • Powell, Kenneth; "New London Architecture", (2001, Hugh Merell, London), pp. 218–219.

Suglung palwal[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

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Records
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