Bihar

Ibat king Wikipedia
Lundag ka king: pamaglibut, paintunan
  ?मगध
Bihar
India
Palayo: "Ing Labuad nang Buddha ampong Mahavira"
Ing Templung Mahabodhi, metung kareng apat a banal a karinan a makaugne king bie nang Buddha ampong UNESCO World Heritage Site[1]
Ing Templung Mahabodhi, metung kareng apat a banal a karinan a makaugne king bie nang Buddha ampong UNESCO World Heritage Site[1]
Map indicating the location of Bihar
Thumbnail map of India with Bihar highlighted
Location of Bihar
 Patna 
Coordinates: 25°22′N 85°08′E / 25.37, 85.13
Oras zona IST (UTC+5:30)
Lualas 99,200 km² (38,301 sq mi)
Klima
Precipitation
Temperatura
• Kaleldo
• Karimlan
ETh (Köppen)
• 1,200 mm (47.2 in)
27 °C (81 °F)
• 34 °C (93 °F)
• 10 °C (50 °F)
Tungku Patna
Pekamaragul a lakanbalen Patna
Pekamaragul a metro Patna
Labuad Angika Region, Bhojpuri Region, Magadh Region, Mithila Region
Pangadake Patna, Tirhut, Saran, Darbhanga, Kosi, Purnia, Bhagalpur, Munger, Magadha
Distritu) 38
Populasiun
Pangasiksik
Sex ratio
Literacy rate
• Lalaki
• Babai
82,998,509[2] (3rd)
[2]
• 919
• 47.0
• 59.7
• 33.1
Amanu Hindi, English, Urdu, Bhojpuri, Magadhi and Maithili
1st Governor J.Daulatram
1st Chief Minister Dr. Sri Krishna Sinha
1st Deputy Chief Minister Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha
Bihar 1912
Legislature (seats) Bicameral (243 + 96)
Parliamentary constituency parliamentary constituencies in Bihar
High Court Patna High Court
District Courts of India
Governing body Government of India, Government of Bihar
Kodiku
UN/LOCODE
Saken

• INBR
• BR
ISO abbreviation IN.BR
Website: gov.bih.nic.in
Bihar Portal: Bihar  
  1. UNESCO Website. UNESCO. UNESCO (June 26, 2002). Retrieved on 2002-06-26.
  2. 2.0 2.1 census of india. Census of India 2001. Government of India (27 May 2002). Retrieved on 2007-04-14.
Seal of Bihar
Seal of Bihar

Coordinates: 25°22′N 85°08′E / 25.37, 85.13

Ing Bihar (Hindi:बिहार, Urdu: بہار IPA: [bɪhaːr], pronunciation ) metung yang estadu king Aslagang India[1][2]. Ing Bihar ing kalabing-aduang pekamaragul a estadu karas king lapad 38,202 sq mi (99,200 km²) ampong katlung pekamaragul karas king populasiun. Alus 85 porsientu da reng memalen ing manuknangan kareng bariu o king marangle. Alus 58 porsientu da reng Bihari ing mas anak pa king 25.[3], a yang pekamatas king India. Makalibutad ya ing Bihar king malisangan (humid) a Albugang Bengal king aslagan ampo ing sub humid a Uttar Pradesh king albugan, at uli na niti atiu king pilatan karas king clima, economia ampong cultura. Padurutan ne ning bangsang Nepal king pangulu ampo ing Jharkhand king mauli.

Mapipitna ya ing kapatagan a Bihar kareng aduang e panteng dake king ilug Ganga a mamagus king libutad manibat king albugan paras king aslagan. Ing dake nang pulu o kakeuan ning Bihar 6,764.14 km², a 7.1 porsientu [4] ning kayang leparan. Deng Hindi ampong Urdu ing opisial a amanu ning estadu, kabang metung kareng amanung Bihari (a sadia tuturing dang dialectu ning Hindi) - Bhojpuri, Magadhi, Maithili o Angika - ing gagamitan da reng keraklan da reng tau. Ing Bihar kanitang minunang panaun, a ausan dang Magadha, metung yang sentru ning upaya, pamagaral ampong cultura king India kanitang minuna ampong clasicung panaun. King Bihar ya migmula ampong mitaniag ing mumunang nang mapiang imperiu ning India, ing imperiung Maurya, ampo ing pekamaulaga nang relihiun a pangkaratunan o pacifist, ing Budhismu.[5] Pibuklud do reng imperiung Magadha, lalu na reng Maurya among Gupta, deng mangaragul nang dake ning Mauling Asia lalam ning sentralisadung pamanibala [6]. Ing kayang tungku (capitoliu), ing Patna, a sadia rang ausang Patliputra, maulaga yang sentru ning sibilisasiung Indianu.

Ngening panaun a iti, tauli ya kareng aliwang estadu ning India king paniulung a pantau [7] ampong pang-economia, [8], ref>, samantalang deng lahing Bihari kareng aliwang estadu ning India, bictima lang crimen a bunga ning marok dang paglalawe kareng aliwang lahi (racist hate crimes), ampo ning tambing a pamanusga (prejudice) [9] and prejudice.[10][11][12] Sasabian da reng economista ampong sientistang pang-ketauan (social scientist) iti derechu yang resulta da reng ating kakabiran a patakaran ning sentral a kapamahalan anti ing patakaran ning pamagpante-pante ning bayad king carga (freight equalization policies)[13] [14], ing kayang kealan masabal king Bihar[15] [16] [3], kakulangan ning "sub-nationalism" da reng Bihari (ania alang talapagsalita para king estadu), ampo ing Permanent Settlement na kanitang 1893 ning British East India Company. [17][18] [14][14]. Nanupata, maragul ing agawa ning salukuyang kapamahalan ning estadu king pamagpasalese ning palakad [19]. Uli ning mesanting a palakad, melabung yang pasibayu ing economia[20] king estadu kapamilatan ning karagdagang pamamuhunan king infrastuctura, mas masanting a pasilidad king pamaningat king kabulasan (health), mas masikan a pamagpaulaga king educaciun, ampong pamamawas king crimen ampong corupcion. [21][22]Indian[23] ampong kalakal a pang-yatu, at king palage da reng manibala king economia, masanting ing pamikatagun ning Bihar ngeni para king paniulung a pang-economiang agiung itaglus (sustainable economic development), at uli na niti, migpalto lang interes a mamuhunan king estadu.[24][25]

Lon la murin deti

Template:Timeline of Bihar Template:Bihar topics Template:Tourist sites in Bihar

Dalerayan ampong footnotes

  1. State Profile. Bihar Government website.
  2. Food riots, anger as floods swamp South Asia. Reuters India.
  3. 3.0 3.1 [Mohan]; Kaul Abhishek (2003-12-15). The Economic Strangulation of Bihar (pdf). Centre for Policy Alternatives, New Delhi, India.
  4. State Profile. Gov. of India.
  5. Mishra Pankaj, The broblem, Seminar 450 - February 1997
  6. The History of Bihar. Bihar Government website.
  7. National Human Development Report (PDF). Planning Commission of the Union Government (2001). Retrieved on 2008-08-10.
  8. Bihar's 'first' Economic Survey Report tabled. The Times of India (2007). Retrieved on 2008-08-10.
  9. Manmohan Condemns Killings in Assam. Arab News (2007). Retrieved on 2008-08-13.
  10. Bihar… on the road to freedom. Zee News (2008). Retrieved on 2008-08-22.
  11. Biharis an unwanted lot: Bal Thackeray. The Times of India (2008). Retrieved on 2008-03-05.
  12. 'Bihari' has become an abuse. The Times of India (2008). Retrieved on 2008-08-10.
  13. [|Das, Arvind N.] (1992), The Republic of Bihar, India: Penguin Books, ISBN 0140123512 
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 Goswami, Urmi A (2005-02-16). "'Bihar Needs an Icon, a person who stands above his caste'(Dr Shaibal Gupta - Rediff Interview)", Rediff. Retrieved on 2005-02-16. 
  15. [Mohan]; Baitha Ramnis Attar, Mohanty Jeevan Prakash (2004-06-15). Centrally Planned Inequality, the Tale of Two States – Punjab and Bihar (pdf). Centre for Policy Alternatives, New Delhi, India.
  16. [Mohan]; Mohanty Jeevan Prakash (2004-02-15). The De-urbanisation of Bihar (pdf). Centre for Policy Alternatives, New Delhi, India.
  17. Ahmed Farzand and Mishra Subhash, Leaders of Bihar unite to counter Raj Thackeray, India Today, October 31, 2008
  18. Gupta, Shaibal. BIHAR : IDENTITY And DEVELOPMENT. Asian Development Research Institute (ADRI), Patna. Retrieved on 2006-04-30.
  19. Phadnis, Aditi (2008). Lalu in the red. Business Standard. Retrieved on 2008-08-10.
  20. Goswami, Urmi A (2008-06-17). "Biharis get work at home, bashers realise their worth", The Economic Times. Retrieved on 2008-06-17. 
  21. Sharma, Supriya; Jha, Abhay Mohan (2008-07-15). "Bihar witnesses a quiet transformation", NDTV. Retrieved on 2008-07-15. 
  22. Jha, Abhay Mohan (2008-03-08). "English makes inroads in Bihar villages", NDTV. Retrieved on 2008-03-08. 
  23. Modi, Ajay; Katakey, Rakteem (2007-12-06). "Reliance, Tata, Bharti eye Bihar sugar mills", Business Standard. Retrieved on 2007-12-06. 
  24. PTI (2008-02-18). "Global agencies show interest in Bihar growth", The Economic Times. Retrieved on 2008-02-18. 
  25. Chaudhary, Pranava K (2007-10-20). "Reliance keen to invest in Bihar", The Times of India. Retrieved on 2007-10-20. 

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