Diabetes mellitus

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Diabetes mellitus
Classification & external resources
ICD-10 E10.E14.
ICD-9 250
MedlinePlus 001214
eMedicine med/546  emerg/134
MeSH C18.452.394.750

Ing Diabetes mellitus (IPA pronunciation: [daɪəˈbitiz], neng misan[ˌdaɪəˈbitəs]) metung yang sakit keng e pamaglaso ning pengan a ausan dang hyperglycemia o (matas mayumu keng daya) at aliwa pang pawaga, a aliwa keng metung a sakit o kabilyan. Ing World Health Organization kikilalanan do ring atlung tinduk a diabetes: ing type 1, type 2, at gestational diabetes o diabetes inyang manganak,[1] nung nu deng waga kalupa da la at ing uyab na niti, dapot miyayaliwa ing sangkan at pangasalbag keng populasyun. Ing katataulian uli da ring beta cells na ning kundilat (o pancreas) nung nu eya makapalual a ustung dakal a insulin para aiwasan ing hyperglycemia.[2] Ing Tinduk (Type) 1 keraklan uli ning autoimmune a pangasira ning kundilat da ring beta cells nung nu ila reng gagawa keng insulin. Ing Tinduk (Type) 2 ing katangian na ding ing tissue-wide insulin a resistensiya at maragul a pamanaliwa; neng misan kakawalan yang beta cell a gamit. Ing gestational diabetes kalupa ne ing type 2 diabetes, na makaugne ya ing insulin resistance; deng hormones ning mabuktut ilang maging sangkan ning insulin resistance kareng babaing amana da reti kareng karelang pipumpunan a maka-akda lang mika makanyan a kabilyan.

Deng Type 1 at 2 malyari lang uluan ing karelang chronic a kabilyan, dapot mayuyulu la kanita manibat ing insulin meging yang pangmedicina inyang 1921, at ngeni panibalan de kapamilatan ning piyabeng dieta, tabletas (keng type 2) at, maralas, pamandagdag insulin. Ing gestational diabetes keraklan mawawala ya potang kaibat ning pamanganak.

Ing Diabetes malyari yang muli keng dakal a complicasyun. Acute complicasyun (hypoglycemia, ketoacidosis o kaya nonketotic hyperosmolar coma) malyari nung ing sakit e ya meyasikasung masalese. Seriosung pangmaluatan a complicasyun kayabe la deng cardiovascular disease (doble ing kapalyarian), chronic renal failure (diabetic nephropathy iti ing peka sangkan ning dialysis kareng mealkus a yatung mangatua), retinal pangasira (nung nu maging sangkan ning pangabulag at ing pekasangkan ning pangabulag ding e masyudaung mangatua kareng menga-alkus a yatu), nerve pangasira (dakal a miyayaliwa), at microvascular a pangasira, nung nu ing ari enesisyas o (titikdo) at mainang pangayulu, lalu na deng bitis, miras keng ausan dang gangrene nung nu mangailangan pututan ya ing bitis — ing mumunang sangkan da reng non-traumatic amputation kareng e masyadung mangatua kareng meyalskus a bangsa. ustung pamanulu ning diabetes, at makanyan mu rin keng ustu pamaningat keng prisyun keng daya at pamaningat keng bie (kalupa na ning e pamanigarilyu at maustang pamaningat keng timbang ning katawan), mapalyaring salese ka laban kareng mengasabing complicasyun.

Diabetes mellitus
Deng Uri ning Diabetes
Diabetes mellitus tinduk (type) 1
Diabetes mellitus tinduk (type) 2
Gestational diabetes

Pre-diabetes:
Impaired fasting glycaemia
Impaired glucose tolerance

Pamanibala keng Sakit
Pamanibala keng Diabetes:
Diabetic dieta
Panulung panlaban-diabetes
Pangkaraniwan pamanulunginsulin
Masasag a pamanulunginsulin
Aliwang Kapigaganakan
Cardiovascular disease

Diabetic comas:
Diabetic hypoglycemia
Diabetic ketoacidosis
Nonketotic hyperosmolar

Diabetic myonecrosis
Diabetic nephropathy
Diabetic neuropathy
Diabetic retinopathy

Diabetes at ing pangabuktut

Pamanyubuk keng Daya
Blood sugar
Fructosamine
Glucose tolerance test
Glycosylated hemoglobin

Lawen ya rin[mag-edit | edit source]

Dalerayan[mag-edit | edit source]

  1. World Health Organisation Department of Noncommunicable Disease Surveillance (1999). Definition, Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus and its Complications (PDF).
  2. Rother, KI (2007). "Diabetes Treatment — Bridging the Divide". N Engl J Med 356 (15): 1499-1501. Archived from the original. You must specify the date the archive was made using the |archivedate= parameter. http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/full/356/15/1499. 

Suglung Palwal[mag-edit | edit source]