Ha'il

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Ing Ha'il (حائل‎) metung yang oasis lakanbalen king Najd king pangulungalbugan ning Saudi Arabia at ing punlakanbalen ning Ha'il Lalawigan. Ing lakanbalen atin yang populasyun a 267,005 (2004 sensus). Ing matuang kaugalian ing kualta at kayamanan ning Ha'il manibat keng ausan dang camel caravan a daralanan ning Hadj.

Kalibudtan ning sikanan: 1836-1921

Ing sasakupan ning pamanungkulan nang Al Rashid

Ing Ha'il iya ing kalibudtan ning ibn rashid amirs manibat 1836 anggang 1921. Ing mumunang ibn rashid amir, Abdullah bin Rashid, simsam ne ing pamanungkulan inyang 1836 ibat king dating manungkulan ning Hail, y Mohammad Ibn Ali, a metung a kasapni ding Jafaar linage ning Abde section na ning tribung Shammar. Y Abdulla bin Rashid sindu na ing pamanalakd nang Barzan palace king Hail nung nu inumpisan neng Mohammad Ibn Ali. Kaibat ning kamatayan nang Abdullah bin Rashid (inyang 1847 o 1848) ing kayang anak at tutuki king luklukan, y Talal (o Telal), inari ne ing palasyu.

Ingyang panaun nang ibn rashid dakal a dayu deng lalabas karin at dadalan la king Ha'il at kareng ibn rashid amirs, at sasabian da ing masanting a denasan da at sinulat da iti king karelang aklat, lawen ya halimbawa: G. A. Wallin 1854, William Gifford Palgrave 1865, Lady Anne Blunt 1881, Charles Montagu Doughty 1888 at Gertrude Bell 1907.

Dalerayan

  • G. A. Wallin (1854): Narrative of a journey from Cairo to Medina and Mecca, by Suez, Araba, Tawila, al-Jauf, Jublae, Hail and Negd in 1845, Journal of the Royal Geographical Society, vol 24: 115-201. (Reprinted 1979).
  • William Gifford Palgrave (1865): Personal Narrative of a Year's Journey through Central and Eastern Arabia (1862-1863), 2 vols (London: Macmillan & Co). (Reprinted many times, last(?) in 1985.)
  • Lady Anne Blunt (1881): A Pilgrimage to Nejd, The Cradle of the Arab Race: an Visit to the Court of the Arab Emir and `our Persian Campaign` (Reprinted 1968)
  • Charles Montagu Doughty (1888): Travels in Arabia Deserta. (Reprinted many times)
  • Gertrude Bell (1907): The Desert and the Sown (Republished 1987)
  • E. Rutter (1931): Damascus to Hail. Journal of Royal Central Asian Studies, vol 18: 61-73.
  • D. G. Hogarth (1905): The Penetration of Arabia: a Record of Western Knowledge Concerning the Arabian Peninsula.
  • Madawi Al Rasheed: Politics in an Arabian oasis. The ibn rashid Tribal Dynasty. I.B. Tauris & Co Ltd, London -New York 1991 (based on a Ph.D. thesis presented to Cambridge University, 1988). ISBN 1-85043-320-8
  • Lonely Planet: The Middle East, 3rd edition 2000. ISBN 0-86442-701-8


Hail City Resource Websites

Deng lakanbalen (ciudad) ning Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia Lakanbalen
Listaan da reng manimunang Lakanbalen ning Saudi Arabia
|`Afif | `Ar`ar | Abha | Abqaiq | Al Bahah | Buraidah | Ad Dammam | Dhahran | Ad Dir`iyah | Duba | Ha'il | Al Hufuf | Al Jawf | Jeddah | Jizan | Al Jubayl | King Abdullah Economic Lakanbalen | Khamis Mushayt | Al Kharj | Khobar | Layla | Al Majma'ah | Mecca (Makkah) | Medina | Najran | Qal'at Bishah | Al Qatif | Ras Tanura | Ra's al Khafji | Riyadh (Punbalen o Capitoliu) | Sudair | As Sulayyil | At Ta'if | Tabuk | Udaliyah | `Unayzah | Yanbu' al Bahr |

Coordinates: 27°31′N 41°41′E