Maragul a Auk

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Lundag ka king: pamaglibut, paintunan
Maragul a Auk
Kule da reng pakpak neng panaun ning pamangebun (makatikdo) ampong neng e panaun ning pamangebun (kakawe). By John Gerrard Keulemans.
Kule da reng pakpak neng panaun ning pamangebun (makatikdo) ampong neng e panaun ning pamangebun (kakawe). By John Gerrard Keulemans.
Kabilian a pang-konserbasiun
Status iucn3.1 EX.svg
Extinct  (1852. Meakit ya king Newfoundland ing tauling dili.) (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Kaarian: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Pinduan: Aves
Orden: Charadriiformes
Familia: Alcidae
Genus: Pinguinus
Bonnaterre, 1791
Species: P. impennis
Binomial name
Pinguinus impennis
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Synonyms

Alca impennis

Ing Maragul a Auk o Great Auk Pinguinus impennis, a sadiang kayabe king genus Alca), metung yang ayup a mewalang laganas aniang libutad ning kalabingsiam a siglu o dilanua (19th century). Ya kabud species ibat king genus Pinguinus, nung nu ating kayabeng higanting auk ning dayatmalat a Atlanticu, a kinabie angga king kapanaunan tamu. Ausan de muring garefowl (ibat king Matuang Norse a geirfugl, a mangabaldugang "spear-bird" o "ayup a tandus"), o penguin (bayu la meyaus king lagiung ita deng ayup a ausan dang makanian ngeni).

Dakal lang dakal deng Maragul a Auk a mayayakit kareng islang malapit king aslagang (eastern) Canada, Iceland, Norway, Ireland ampong Gran Bretania, bayu la megisan uli ning pamangasu. Ukulan da, basi kareng butul a meyakit kareng tambakan king Florida, a pamisan-misan, miraras la angga karin king mauli (south) deng Maragul a Auk angga aniang kalabing apat a siglu o dilanua (14th century) .[1][2]

Dalerayan[mag-edit | edit source]

Notes[mag-edit | edit source]

  1. Weigel (1958)
  2. Brodkorb (1960)

Tala da reng libru ampong pikuanan[mag-edit | edit source]

  • BirdLife International (2004). Pinguinus impennis. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is listed as extinct
  • Brodkorb, Pierce (1960): Great Auk and Common Murre from a Florida Midden. Auk 77(3): 342-343. PDF fulltext
  • Crofford, Emily (1989), Gone Forever: The Great Auk, New York: Crestwood House, ISBN 0-89686-459-6 
  • Ellis, Richard (2004). No Turning Back: The Life and Death of Animal Species. New York: Harper Perennial, 160. ISBN 0-06-055804-0. 
  • Fuller, Errol (1999): The Great Auk. Abrams, New York.
  • Gaskell, Jeremy (2001-03-15). Who Killed the Great Auk?. Oxford University Press (USA). ISBN 0198564783. 
  • Greenway, James C., Jr. (1967): Great Auk. In: Extinct and Vanishing Birds of the World, 2nd edition: 271-291. Dover, New York. QL676.7.G7
  • Haswell-Smith, Hamish (1996). The Scottish Islands
  • Jordan, Richard H. & Olson, Storrs L. (1982): First Record of the Great Auk (Pinguinus impennis) from Labrador. Auk 99(1): 167-168. PDF fulltext
  • Linnaeus, C (1758). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. (in Latin). Holmiae. (Laurentii Salvii).. 
  • Livezey, Bradley C. (1988): Morphometrics of flightlessness in the Alcidae. Auk 105(4): 681–698. PDF fulltext
  • Luther, Dieter (1996): Riesenalk. In: Die ausgestorbenen Vögel der Welt, 4th edition (Die neue Brehm-Bücherei 424): 78-84. Westarp-Wissenschaften, Magdeburg; Spektrum, Heidelberg. ISBN 3-89432-213-6 [in German]
  • Morris, Reverend Francis O. (1864). A History of British Birds. Groombridge and Sons, Paternoster Way, London. 
  • Moum, Truls; Arnason, Ulfur & Árnason, Einar (2002): Mitochondrial DNA Sequence Evolution and Phylogeny of the Atlantic Alcidae, Including the Extinct Great Auk (Pinguinus impennis). Molecular Biology and Evolution 19(9): 1434–1439. PDF fulltext
  • Olson, Storrs L (1979). "An Attempt to Determine the Prey of the Great Auk (Pinguinus impennis)" (pdf). Auk 96 (4): pp. 790–792. Archived from the original. You must specify the date the archive was made using the |archivedate= parameter. http://elibrary.unm.edu/sora/Auk/v096n04/p0790-p0792. 
  • Tuck, J. A. (1976): Ancient peoples of Port au Choix: The Excavation of an Archaic Indian Cemetery in Newfoundland. Newfoundland Social and Economic Studies 17.
  • Weigel, Penelope Hermes (1958): Great Auk Remains from a Florida Shell Midden. Auk 75(2): 215–216. PDF fulltext

Suglung palual[mag-edit | edit source]

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