Partidung Talapagobra ning Kurdistan

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Kurdistan Workers' Party
Partiya Karkerên Kurdistan, (PKK)
Flag of Kurdistan Workers' Party.svg
Ing kasalungsungan a bandera ning PKK a yang gagamitan na manibat kanitang 2005
Petsa da reng operasyun27 Noviembre 1978–kasalukuyan
PekapunMurat Karayılan (de facto)
Abdullah Öcalan (de jure)[1][2][3]
MotibuKatulirang pangkultura ampong pampulitika da reng memalen a Kurdish king Turkey.[4]
Aktibung labwad o lugalTurkey, Iraq, Iran, Syria, Lebanon
IdeolohiyaMarxism-Leninism (sadya)
Communalism[5]
Left-wing nationalism
Kurdish nationalism
Pikabalwan a ataki15 August 1984 PKK attacks, May 24, 1993 PKK ambush, 2011 Hakkâri attack
KabilyanTinuring neng Organisasyung Teroristang Dayuning US State Department[6][7]
Tinuring neng Bawal a Grupu ning UK Home Office
Designated as terrorist group by EU Common Foreign and Security Policy.[8]
Dagul7,000-10,000 active fighters (claimed)[9]
Banwa-banwang panakitan500 million Euros[10] donations (50-60m)[10]

Ing Partidung Talapagobra ning Kurdistan (Kurdish: Partiya Karkerên Kurdistan o پارتی کار که‌رانی کوردستان Parti Karkerani Kurdistan) (Kurdistan Workers' Party), a karaniwan dang awsang PKK, a awsan da mu namang KGK ampong sadya, KADEK (Freedom and Democracy Congress of Kurdistan) o KONGRA-GEL (Kurdistan People's Congress),[7] metung yang Kurdish a aguman a manibat kanitang 1984 lalabang armadung pamakilaban king estadung Turkish para king autonomous a Kurdistan ampong katulirang pangkultura ampong pampulitik da reng Kurd king Turkey.[1] Mitátag ya ing grupu anyang 27 Noviembre 1978 king nayun ning Fis, malapit king Lice at penibalan neng Abdullah Öcalan.[11] Anyang mumuna, ing ideolohiya ning PKK pamisanib ne ning rebolusyonaryung sosyalismu ampong Nasyonalismung Kurdish — dapot manibat anyang mesukul ya, likwan na nang Ocalan ing orthodox a Marxismu.[12] Makabili ya ing ing PKK king listaan da reng organisasyung terorista king internasyunal pikimutan deng miayaliwang estadu ampong organisasyun, kayabe ya ing Misasanmetung a Bangsa, NATO, ing Estados ampo ing European Union.[7]<ref>

Footnotes[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Tahiri, Hussein. The Structure of Kurdish Society and the Struggle for a Kurdish State. Costa Mesa, California: Mazda Publications 2007. pp 232 ff
  2. Bila, Fikret (2007-11-07). "Kenan Evren: 'Kürtçeye ağır yasak koyduk ama hataydı'" (in Turkish), Milliyet. Retrieved on 2008-07-30. "Şimdi İmralı'dan PKK'yı yönetiyor. Cezaevinden avukatları kanalıyla." 
  3. "Ocalan: Which way now?", BBC News (2000-11-21). Retrieved on 2007-09-01. 
  4. Howard, Michael (2005-05-13). "Radical firebrand who led bloody nationalist war", Guardian. Retrieved on 2008-08-01. 
  5. http://www.freedom-for-ocalan.com/english/download/Ocalan-Democratic-Confederalism.pdf and http://www.kurdmedia.com/article.aspx?id=10174 and http://www.savaskarsitlari.org/arsiv.asp?ArsivTipID=5&ArsivAnaID=34813 and http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2007/10/among-the-kurds/306448/
  6. Foreign Terrorist Organizations List. United States Department of State (2002-10-23). Archived from the original on 2008-02-15. Retrieved on 2008-02-23. - USSD Foreign Terrorist Organization
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Chapter 6—Terrorist Groups. Country Reports on Terrorism. United States Department of State (2005-04-27). Archived from the original on 2007-05-05. Retrieved on 2008-07-23.
  8. PKK behind Turkey resort bomb. BBC News (2005-07-17). Retrieved on 2008-06-29.
  9. TCA The PKK Redux: Implications of a Growing Threat, November 15, 2007
  10. 10.0 10.1 "PKK revenues reach 500 mln euros", Today's Zaman (2008-03-12). Retrieved on 2008-11-13. [suglung a mepatad]
  11. Abdullah Öcalan and the development of the PKK[suglung a mepatad]
  12. Abdullah Ocalan, "Prison Writings: The Roots of Civilisation", 2007, Pluto Press. (p. 243-277)

Dalerayan[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

Suglung palwal[mag-edit | alilan ya ing pikuwanan]

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