Trigu

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Lundag ka king: pamaglibut, paintunan
Trigu
Wheat close-up.JPG
Scientific classification
Kaarian: Plantae
(unranked) Monocots
(unranked) Commelinids
Orden: Poales
Familia: Poaceae
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribu: Triticeae
Genus: Triticum
L.
Species

T. aestivum
T. aethiopicum
T. araraticum
T. boeoticum
T. carthlicum
T. compactum
T. dicoccoides
T. dicoccon
T. durum
T. ispahanicum
T. karamyschevii
T. macha
T. militinae
T. monococcum
T. polonicum
T. spelta
T. sphaerococcum
T. timopheevii
T. turanicum
T. turgidum
T. urartu
T. vavilovii
T. zhukovskyi
Dalerayan:
  ITIS 42236 2002-09-22

Ing trigu (Triticum spp.)[1], wheat king Ingles ampong trigo king Castila, metung yang dikut a tatanám da king mabilug a yatu, at menibat king labuad a Fertile Crescent ning Malapit a Aslagan (Near East). Aniang 2007, 607 miliung tonelada ing produksiun ning trigu, ania iti ing katlung pekamaulagang produksiun kareng anggang binutil o cereal, kaibat ning mais (784 miliung tonelada) ampo ning pale (651 miliung tonelada).[2] Ing binutil a trigu metung yang manimunang pamangan (staple food) a gagamitan king pamangawang arina para king tinape, biscuit, cake, breakfast cereal, pasta, juice, pansit, ampong couscous.[3], ampo king fermentation king pamangawang beer,[4] alcohol, vodka[5] o biofuel.[6] Atin muring mapilang tatanam king trigu antimong kanan animal, at maliaring gamitan ing kayang are antimong kumpe (fodder) o panatap (gagawang bubungan), a balamu pinaud.[7][8]

Lipat ning maragul a dake ning protina ampong pamangan da reng tau king yatu ing ibat king trigu, miraras king metung kareng balang dinalan (100) o aduang dalan (200) a tau ing maki Celiac disease, metung a kabilian a mánibat king pakibat ning immune system king metung a protinang atsu king trigu: ing gluten (basi karing datos para king Estados Unidos). .[9][10][11]

Lon la murin deti

Dalerayan

  1. Belderok, Bob & Hans Mesdag & Dingena A. Donner. (2000) Bread-Making Quality of Wheat. Springer. p.3. ISBN 0-7923-6383-3.
  2. FAOSTAT (2007). Retrieved on 2009-05-05.
  3. Cauvain, Stanley P. & Cauvain P. Cauvain. (2003) Bread Making. CRC Press. p. 540. ISBN 1-85573-553-9.
  4. Palmer, John J. (2001) How to Brew. Defenestrative Pub Co. p. 233. ISBN 0-9710579-0-7.
  5. Neill, Richard. (2002) Booze: The Drinks Bible for the 21st Century. Octopus Publishing Group - Cassell Illustrated. p. 112. ISBN 1-84188-196-1.
  6. Department of Agriculture Appropriations for 1957: Hearings ... 84th Congress. 2d Session. United States. Congress. House. Appropriations. 1956. p. 242.
  7. Smith, Albert E. (1995) Handbook of Weed Management Systems. Marcel Dekker. p. 411. ISBN 0-8247-9547-4.
  8. Bridgwater, W. & Beatrice Aldrich. (1966) The Columbia-Viking Desk Encyclopedia. Columbia University. p. 1959.
  9. Fasano, A. "Prevalence of celiac disease in at-risk and not-at-risk groups in the United States: a large multicenter study". Arch Intern Med. 163 (3): 286–292. doi:10.1001/archinte.163.3.286. PMID 12578508. Archived from the original. You must specify the date the archive was made using the |archivedate= parameter. http://archinte.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/163/3/286?view=abstract. 
  10. Presutti, John (2007-12-27). "Celiac Disease". American Family Physician 76 (12): 196–1802. Archived from the original. You must specify the date the archive was made using the |archivedate= parameter. http://www.aafp.org/afp/20071215/1795.html. 
  11. Hill, I. D., Horvath, K., and Fasano, A., Epidemiology of celiac disease. 1: Am J Gastroenterol. 1995 Jan;90(1):163-4

Karagdagang babasan

  • Bonjean, A.P., and W.J. Angus (editors). The World Wheat Book: a history of wheat breeding. Lavoisier Publ., Paris. 1131 pp. (2001). ISBN 2743004029
  • S. Padulosi, K. Hammer, J. Heller, editors (1996). Hulled wheats, Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops. 4. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome, Italy. 
  • Garnsey Peter, Grain for Rome, in Garnsey P., Hopkins K., Whittaker C. R. (editors), Trade in the Ancient Economy, Chatto & Windus, London 1983
  • Jasny Naum, The daily bread of ancient Greeks and Romans, Ex Officina Templi, Brugis 1950
  • Jasny Naum, The Wheats of Classical Antiquity, J. Hopkins Press, Baltimore 1944
  • Heiser Charles B., Seed to civilisation. The story of food, Harvard University Press, Harvard Mass. 1990
  • Harlan Jack R., Crops and man, American Society of Agronomy, Madison 1975
  • Saltini Antonio, I semi della civiltà. Grano, riso e mais nella storia delle società umane, Prefazione di Luigi Bernabò Brea, Avenue Media, Bologna 1996
  • Sauer Jonathan D., Geography of Crop Plants. A Select Roster, CRC Press, Boca Raton

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