Lipid

Ibat king Wikipedia
Lundag ka king: pamaglibut, paintunan
Deng karaniwan a lipids. King babo iyapin ing oleic acid ampong cholesterol. King libutad iyapin ing triglyceride nung nu bubuuan ne ning oleoyl, stearoyl, ampong palmitoyl ding kadena makasuglung la keng galugdgud ning glycerol. King lalam iyapin ing karaniwan a phospholipid phosphatidylcholine.

Deng lipid ila pin deng molecule a malalaso king taba (lipophilic o fat-soluble), at mayayakit king kalikasan. Kayabe la kareti deng taba (fats), laru (oils), pagkit (waxes), cholesterol, sterols, bitaminang malalaso king taba (fat-soluble vitamins, anti reng bitamina A, D, E ampong K), monoglyceride, diglyceride, phospholipid, at aliwa pa. Ing maulaga rang diling papil deng lipid ila pin deng pamanyinup enerhia (energy storage), pamagsilbing dake ning balangkas da reng cell membrane, ampong pamagsilbing molecule a pagsenias o signaling molecule.

Lipat ning magagamit ya ing katayang lipid' antimong kasingkabaldugan ning taba, deng taba metung lang uring lipid a ausan dang triglyceride, at e la dapat apagkamalian ketang terminung fatty acid. Masasaklo la murin keng terminung lipid deng fatty acid ampo reng sangkap a ibat kareti, kayabe no reng tri-, di-, at monoglyceride, pati na reng phospholipid), ampo reng aliwang metabolite a maki sterol anti ing cholesterol.

Deng lipid tutu lang miyayaliwang materialis a dakal a gamit kareng mabibie, kayabe na ing pamagsilbi anting balangkas da reng cell membrane, simpanan o lulanan (at pikukuanan) enerhia king katawan, at pamakiabe kareng prosesu kareng mabibie antimong talapagdalang senias (signalling). Malyari lang pitnan deti kareng hydrophobic o amphiphilic a mangalating molecule, a laganas o maki dakeng manibat kareng aduang malinong uri da reng parti o "building blocks": ketoacyl ampong isoprene groups.[1] Agpang king sistemang iti, malyari lang pitnan deng lipid kareng walung uri o kategoriya: fatty acyls, glycerolipids, glycerophospholipids, sphingolipids, saccharolipids ampong polyketides (a ibat king pamitipun-tipun da o condensation deng dake o subunit a ketoacyl); and sterol lipids ampong prenol lipids (ibat king condensation da reng isoprene subunits).

Dalerayan[mag-edit | edit source]

  1. Fahy E, Subramaniam S, Brown HA, et al (2005). "A comprehensive classification system for lipids". J. Lipid Res. 46 (5): 839–61. PMID 15722563. Archived from the original. You must specify the date the archive was made using the |archivedate= parameter. http://www.jlr.org/cgi/content/full/46/5/839. 

Lawen ya rin[mag-edit | edit source]

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Pamagpakilala

Pamitinduk-tinduk (Classification)

  • LIPID MAPS - LIPID Metabolites And Pathways Strategy

Pamamie lagyu

Deng database

  • LIPID MAPS - Comprehensive lipid and lipid-associated gene/protein databases.
  • LipidBank - Japanese database of lipids and related properties, spectral data and references.
  • LIPIDAT - Database composed mainly of phospholipids and associated thermodynamic data.

Pangkabilugan

  • ApolloLipids - Provides dyslipidemia and cardiovascular disease prevention and treatment information as well as continuing medical education programs

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