Eukaryote

Ibat king Wikipedia
Lundag ka king: pamaglibut, paintunan
Eukaryote
Fossil range: Mesoproterozoic - Bayu (Recent)
Scientific classification
Superdomain: Neomura
Sakup: Eukaryota
Whittaker & Margulis,1978
Deng Kingdom
Animalia - Animals
Plantae - Plants
Alternative phylogeny

Deng animal, tanaman, fungus, ampong protist ausan dong eukaryote (IPA: /juːˈkærɪɒt/ o IPA: /-oʊt/), organismu nung nu ding cells makabalangkas la kareng komplikadung istrukturang atsu king kilub da ring membrane. Awsan deng nucleus ing dakeng makabalut kareng membrane a yang pamiyaliwa da reng cell a eukaryote kareng cell a prokaryote. Ing presensia ning nucleus ing babie king lagyu da reng organismung deti: ibat ya iti king katayang Griegung ευ, a mangabaldugang "mayap/tutu", ampo ing κάρυον, "nues" (nut)

Ing pamipitna da reng cell (cell division) kareng eukaryotes aliwa ya kareng organismung alang nucleus (prokaryote). Ing malilyari, mapipitna la reng chromosome kapamilatan ning pamangimut a panibalan da reng microtubule. Adua lang uri deng paralan ning pamipitna. King mitosis, mapipitna ya ing metung a cell at magi yang aduang cell a milulupa gene (genetically identical). King meiosis naman, a kailangan king pamiparakal a sexual, dadalan ya king recombination ing metung a cell a diploid (maki aduang kopia ning balang chromosome, metung ibat king balang pengari) king balang paris da reng chromosome ibat king balang pengari. Kaibat, makataduang marapat ing pamipitna ning cell, nung nu adua lang haploid cell (gametes) deng magbunga. Atin ya mung metung a uri ning chromosome ing balang gamete, a kabangal ning paris ibat king balang pengari.

Balamu monophyletic la reng eukaryote, ania ila ing metung kareng atlung sakup ning bie o domains of life. Detang adua pang aliua, detang bacteria ampong archaea, prokaryote la, at ala lu karela deng kaurian (features) a mebanggit king babo. Nanupata, atin lang pamilupa king aspetu ning biochemistry deng archaea, anya kadane do reng archaea king clade a Neomura.

Lon la murin deti[mag-edit | edit source]

Pikuanan[mag-edit | edit source]

  • Knoll AH (1992). "The early evolution of eu-karyotes: A geological perspective". Science 256 (5057): 622–27. doi:10.1126/science.1585174Template:Only in print. 
  • T. Cavalier-Smith (2002). "The phagotrophic origin of eukaryotes and phylogenetic classification of Protozoa". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 52: 297-354. 
  • W. Martin & M.J. Russell (1992). "On the origins of cells: a hypothesis for the evolutionary transitions from abiotic geochemistry to chemoautotrophic prokaryotes, and from prokaryotes to nucleated cells". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. 
  • S. L. Baldauf (2003). "The Deep Roots of Eukaryotes". Science 300 (5626): 1703–1706. doi:10.1126/science.1085544Template:Only in print. 
  • Sina M. Adl et al (2005). "The New Higher Level Classification of Eukaryotes with Emphasis on the Taxonomy of Protists". Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 52 (5): 399. doi:10.1111/j.1550-7408.2005.00053.xTemplate:Only in print. 

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Suglung palual[mag-edit | edit source]